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Learning-by-Doing or Habit Formation?

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  • Hafedh Bouakez
  • Takashi Kano

Abstract

In a recent paper, Chang, Gomes, and Schorfheide (2002) extend the standard real business cycle (RBC) model to allow for a learning-by-doing (LBD) mechanism whereby current labour supply affects future productivity. They show that this feature magnifies the propagation of shocks and improves the matching performance of the standard RBC model. In this paper, the authors show that the LBD model is nearly observationally equivalent to an RBC model with habit formation in labour (or, equivalently, in leisure). Under the same calibration of the parameters, the two models share the same equilibrium paths of output, consumption, and investment, but have different implications for hours worked. Using Bayesian techniques, the authors investigate which of the LBD and habit models fits the U.S. data best. Their results suggest that the habit specification is more strongly supported by the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Hafedh Bouakez & Takashi Kano, 2005. "Learning-by-Doing or Habit Formation?," Staff Working Papers 05-15, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:05-15
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    Cited by:

    1. Kano, Takashi, 2009. "Habit formation and the present-value model of the current account: Yet another suspect," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 72-85, June.
    2. Patrick F?ve & Julien Matheron & Jean-Guillaume Sahuc, 2013. "A Pitfall with Estimated DSGE-Based Government Spending Multipliers," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(4), pages 141-178, October.
    3. Takashi Kano, 2013. "Exchange Rates and Fundamentals: Closing a Two-country Model," CAMA Working Papers 2013-62, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    4. Belbute, José Manuel, 2013. "Is the Euro-Area core price index really more persistent than the food and energy price indexes?," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 307-315.
    5. Fève, Patrick & Moura, Alban & Pierrard, Olivier, 2019. "Shadow banking and financial regulation: A small-scale DSGE perspective," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 130-144.
    6. Keqiang Hou & Alok Johri, 2009. "Intangible Capital, Corporate Earnings and the Business Cycle," Department of Economics Working Papers 2009-17, McMaster University.
    7. Heer Burkhard & Maußner Alfred, 2013. "Asset Returns, the Business Cycle and the Labor Market," German Economic Review, De Gruyter, vol. 14(3), pages 372-397, August.
    8. Alok Johri, 2009. "Delivering Endogenous Inertia in Prices and Output," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 12(4), pages 736-754, October.
    9. Neri, Stefano & Gerali, Andrea, 2019. "Natural rates across the Atlantic," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    10. José Manuel Belbute & Leonardo Dia Massala & Júlio António Delgado, 2016. "Measuring Persistence in Inflation: Evidence For angola," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 84(4), pages 594-606, December.
    11. Johri, Alok & Lahiri, Amartya, 2008. "Persistent real exchange rates," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 223-236, December.
    12. Keqiang Hou & Alok Johri, 2018. "Intangible Capital, the Labor Wedge and the Volatility of Corporate Profits," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 29, pages 216-234, July.
    13. Patrick Fève & Julien Matheron & Jean-Guillaume Sahuc, 2011. "A Pitfall with DSGE–Based, Estimated, Government Spending Multipliers," 2011 Meeting Papers 136, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Malik, Kashif Zaheer & Ali, Syed Zahid & Khalid, Ahmed M., 2014. "Intangible capital in a real business cycle model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 32-48.
    15. Ivo Krznar, 2008. "International Business Cycles with Frictions in Goods and Factors Markets," Working Papers 18, The Croatian National Bank, Croatia.
    16. Fabrice Collard & Patrick Fève, 2008. "Modèles VAR ou DSGE : que choisir ?," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(2), pages 153-174.
    17. Jos� BELBUTE & Ant�nio CALEIRO, 2009. "Measuring Persistence On Consumption In Portugal," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 4(2(8)_ Sum).
    18. Kamber, Günes, 2010. "Inflation dynamics under habit formation in hours," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 269-272, September.
    19. Burkhard Heer & Alfred Maussner, 2011. "Asset Returns, the Business Cycle, and the Labor Market: A Sensitivity Analysis for the German Economy," CESifo Working Paper Series 3391, CESifo.
    20. Belbute, José & Caleiro, António, 2010. "Cross Country Evidence on Consumption Persistence," MPRA Paper 22008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Kano, Takashi, 2019. "Exchange Rates and Fundamentals: A General Equilibrium Exploration," Discussion paper series HIAS-E-19, Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University.
    22. Kegiang Hou & Alok Johri, 2013. "Intangible Capital and the Excess Volatility of Aggregate Profits," Department of Economics Working Papers 2013-04, McMaster University.
    23. Martial Dupaigne & Patrick Feve & Julien Matheron, 2007. "Technology Shocks, Non-stationary Hours and DSVAR," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 10(2), pages 238-255, April.
    24. Takashi Kano, 2008. "Habit Formation and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account: Yet Another Suspect ( Revised version of CARF-F-101(2007); Revised version subsequently published in "Journal of International ," CARF F-Series CARF-F-124, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
    25. Caleiro, António, 2009. "How upside down are political business cycles when there is output persistence," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 22-26, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business fluctuations and cycles; Labour markets; Economic models; Econometric and statistical methods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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