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Canadian Repo Market Ecology


  • Corey Garriott
  • Kyle Gray


This is the first of the Financial Markets Department’s descriptions of Canadian financial industrial organization. The document discusses the organization of the repurchase-agreement (repo) market in Canada. We define the repo contract, the market infrastructures that support repo trading and the composition of the market participants. We also describe repo trading practices in Canada, risks in the repo market and repo regulation. A repo is a financial contract that resembles a collateralized loan. It is used to support the funding needs of financial institutions and to procure on a temporary basis specific securities. The Canadian repo market is primarily composed of large banks and large investment institutions such as pension funds. A unique feature of the Canadian market is that Canadian investment institutions are net borrowers of cash via repo. Repo can transmit risks in the financial system because it can create levered interconnections among participants. Risks in the Canadian repo market are relatively smaller than in other jurisdictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Corey Garriott & Kyle Gray, 2016. "Canadian Repo Market Ecology," Discussion Papers 16-8, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocadp:16-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Darrell, Duffie, 2010. "The Failure Mechanics of Dealer Banks," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 4, pages 131-153.
    2. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Lasse Heje Pedersen, 2009. "Market Liquidity and Funding Liquidity," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(6), pages 2201-2238, June.
    3. Gorton, Gary & Metrick, Andrew, 2012. "Securitized banking and the run on repo," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(3), pages 425-451.
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    Cited by:

    1. David A. Cimon & Corey Garriott, 2017. "Banking Regulation and Market Making," Staff Working Papers 17-7, Bank of Canada.
    2. Léanne Berger-Soucy & Jean-Sébastien Fontaine & Adrian Walton, 2019. "Prix plafonds sur les marchés canadiens des emprunts d’obligations," Staff Analytical Notes 2019-2-fr, Bank of Canada.
    3. Léanne Berger-Soucy & Corey Garriott & André Usche, 2018. "Government of Canada Fixed-Income Market Ecology," Discussion Papers 18-10, Bank of Canada.
    4. Narayan Bulusu & Sermin Gungor, 2018. "Government of Canada Securities in the Cash, Repo and Securities Lending Markets," Discussion Papers 18-4, Bank of Canada.
    5. Guillaume Bédard-Pagé, 2019. "Non-Bank Financial Intermediation in Canada: An Update," Discussion Papers 2019-2, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item


    Financial markets; Financial institutions; Financial system regulation and policies; Market structure and pricing;

    JEL classification:

    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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