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Why is Agricultural Employment Increasing in Turkey?


  • Seyfettin Gursel

    () (Bahcesehir University Center for Economic and Social Research (Betam))

  • Zumrut Imamoglu

    () (Bahcesehir University Center for Economic and Social Research (Betam))


Using panel data across 26 regions, this paper investigates why the long-run trend of decreasing share of agricultural employment following the usual path of economic development in Turkey, has been reversed in the aftermath of the global crisis. Our results show that the decrease in non-agricultural wages during the crisis was not effective in increasing agricultural employment; however, changes in relative agricultural prices had a significant effect. Exploring further for other causes, such as changes in agricultural production structure, does not change the results.

Suggested Citation

  • Seyfettin Gursel & Zumrut Imamoglu, 2011. "Why is Agricultural Employment Increasing in Turkey?," Working Papers 004, Bahcesehir University, Betam, revised Apr 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:bae:wpaper:004

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sengul Gonul & Üngör Murat, 2012. "Increasing Share of Agriculture in Employment in the Time of Crisis: Puzzle or Not?," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 7(3), pages 1-32, May.
    2. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-92-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Francisco Alvarez-Cuadrado & Markus Poschke, 2011. "Structural Change Out of Agriculture: Labor Push versus Labor Pull," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 127-158, July.
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    More about this item


    Regional employment; Agricultural employment; Economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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