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On Rational Bubbles and Fat Tails

Author

Listed:
  • Thomas Lux

    (Bonn University)

  • D. Sornette

    (CNRS/Univ. Nice and UCLA)

Abstract

This paper addresses the statistical properties of time series driven by rational bubbles a la Blanchard and Watson (1982), corresponding to multiplicative maps, whose study has recently be revived recently in physics as a mechanism of intermittent dynamics generating power law distributions. Using insights on the behavior of multiplicative stochastic processes, we demonstrate that the tails of the unconditional distribution emerging from such bubble processes follow power-laws (exhibit hyperbolic decline). More precisely, we find that rational bubbles predict a 'fat' power tail for both the bubble component and price differences with an exponent smaller than 1, implying absence of convergence of the mean. The distribution of returns is dominated by the same power-law over an extended range of large returns. Although power-law tails are a pervasive feature of empirical data, these numerical predictions are in disagreement with the usual empirical estimates of an exponent between 2 and 4. It, therefore, appears that exogenous rational bubbles are hardly reconcilable with some of the stylized facts of financial data at a very elementary level.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Lux & D. Sornette, 1999. "On Rational Bubbles and Fat Tails," Papers cond-mat/9910141, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:cond-mat/9910141
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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