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Matching Points: Supplementing Instruments with Covariates in Triangular Models

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  • Junlong Feng

Abstract

Models with a discrete endogenous variable are typically underidentified when the instrument takes on too few values. This paper presents a new method that matches pairs of covariates and instruments to restore point identification in this scenario in a triangular model. The model consists of a structural function for a continuous outcome and a selection model for the discrete endogenous variable. The structural outcome function must be continuous and monotonic in a scalar disturbance, but it can be nonseparable. The selection model allows for unrestricted heterogeneity. Global identification is obtained under weak conditions. The paper also provides estimators of the structural outcome function. Two empirical examples of the return to education and selection into Head Start illustrate the value and limitations of the method.

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  • Junlong Feng, 2019. "Matching Points: Supplementing Instruments with Covariates in Triangular Models," Papers 1904.01159, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1904.01159
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