Índice De Atividade Econômica: Os Modelos De Filtro De Kalman E Box-Jenkins Comparados
This paper has as objective to build a composite economic activity index for the local economy, created as form of measuring the economic activity. We use the factor analysis technique to determinate the components and their weights. This local index is then compared to national ones. As a result, the index behaves nicely as a local coincident index of the economic activities. Two techniques are used in their forecast; the first was the Kalman Filter and the second one the Box-Jenkins model. The presence of outliers required that we use a new technique in order the coefficients of the Kalman Filter model to be stable. The two techniques are then compared using a statistic test developed by Diebold and Mariano (1995). As a final result, the two models' forecasting are the same.
|Date of creation:||2004|
|Date of revision:|
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|Order Information:|| Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Prof Marcos Valdemar de Freitas Reis s/n Campus do Gragoatá Bloco F Niterói, RJ 24210-201 Brazil|
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"Comparing Predictive Accuracy,"
NBER Technical Working Papers
0169, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Diebold, Francis X & Mariano, Roberto S, 1995. "Comparing Predictive Accuracy," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(3), pages 253-63, July.
- Diebold, Francis X & Mariano, Roberto S, 2002. "Comparing Predictive Accuracy," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 134-44, January.
- Victor Zarnowitz, 1991. "What is a Business Cycle?," NBER Working Papers 3863, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Spacov, Andrei Dudus & Duarte, Angelo José Mont'Alverne & Issler, João Victor, 2004. "Indicadores coincidentes de atividade econômica e uma cronologia de recessões para o Brasil," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 527, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
- Lin, Dennis K. J. & Guttman, Irwin, 1993. "Handling spuriosity in the Kalman filter," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 259-268, March.
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