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Les Théories de la Justice Vues par un Économiste

  • Claude Gamel

    ()

    (Aix-Marseille University (Aix-Marseille School of Economics), CNRS & EHESS)

Concerning theories of justice, law and economics seem to advance along divergent lines: whereas the jurist does not argue any longer for what is “just” nor does he cares about the aim of the law, the economist again gives attention to questions of justice, which is one important subject of “economic philosophy”. For a long time the debate about “old” and “new” welfare economics gave the analysis a “welfarist” orientation (I); in this paper we also glance over the main research fields explored nowadays by the economist, all of them being identified with its specific methodological approach: Rawls’ “contractualism” gives access to the first “post-welfarist” field, which has renewed normative economics (II). In such a favorable context, Hayek’s “evolutionism” receives more attention as a “non welfarist” theory which otherwise could have remained at the margin of the economic thought (III). Lastly, Sen’s “comparatism” has become a second “post-welfarist” theory which insists on his complete autonomy towards the first one (IV). Each of these four economics-based approaches can of course be prolonged up to the domain of law.

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File URL: http://www.amse-aixmarseille.fr/sites/default/files/_dt/2012/wp_2012_-_nr_26.pdf
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Paper provided by Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France in its series AMSE Working Papers with number 1226.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: 05 Oct 2012
Date of revision: 05 Oct 2012
Handle: RePEc:aim:wpaimx:1226
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.amse-aixmarseille.fr/en

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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

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  1. Claude Gamel, 2010. "QUE FAIRE DE « L'APPROCHE PAR LES CAPACITES » ? Pour une lecture « rawlsienne » de l'apport de Sen," Working Papers halshs-00519630, HAL.
  2. H. R. Varian, 1973. "Equity, Envy and Efficiency," Working papers 115, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  3. Claude Gamel, 2006. "Hayek et Rawls sur la justice sociale : les différences sont-elles «plus verbales que substantielles» ?," Working Papers halshs-00409672, HAL.
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