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Hayek et Rawls sur la justice sociale : les différences sont-elles «plus verbales que substantielles» ?

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  • Claude Gamel

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

Abstract

In contemporary liberal thought, Hayek seems to be completely opposed to Rawls : the first one is an economist known as the theoretician of « the mirage of social justice », the second one is a philosopher, who is the author of « Theory of justice » ; but Hayek can have written that the differences between himself and Rawls are « more verbal than substantial ». In spite of strong opposition between them about paradigm (evolutionism versus contractualism), the paper tries to find elements which might support such an opinion : the steps are quite comparable in the setting of norms (anti-utilitarianism, impartiality, experimentation) and lead to two versions of the same conception of justice in society. These two versions converge in the content of norms as well as in their hierarchy (priority of liberty, fair increase of opportunity for everyone, better condition for the poorest people).

Suggested Citation

  • Claude Gamel, 2006. "Hayek et Rawls sur la justice sociale : les différences sont-elles «plus verbales que substantielles» ?," Working Papers halshs-00409672, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00409672
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00409672
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    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00409672/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gamel, C., 1999. ""Le mirage de la justice sociale": faut-il craindre qu'Hayek n'ait raison?," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 99c12, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
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    Cited by:

    1. Claude Gamel, 2015. "Essai sur l’économie de « l’égalitarisme libéral . Une combinaison sélective des travaux de Rawls, Sen et Kolm," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 125(3), pages 347-392.
    2. Claude Gamel, 2012. "Les Théories de la Justice Vues par un Économiste," AMSE Working Papers 1226, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised 05 Oct 2012.
    3. Claude Gamel, 2014. "An Essay on Economics of “liberal Egalitarianism”. A Selective Combination of Rawls’, Sen’s and Kolm’s Works
      [Essai sur l'Économie de «l'Égalitarisme Libéral». Une Combinaison Sélective des Travaux
      ," Working Papers halshs-01092172, HAL.
    4. Claude Gamel, 2012. "Les Théories de la Justice Vues par un Économiste. De "l'Économie du Bien-Être" au "Post-Welfarisme" Contemporain," Working Papers halshs-00793457, HAL.

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