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Environmental Impacts Of Agricultural Trade Under Nafta

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  • Colyer, Dale

Abstract

NAFTA was the first trade liberalization agreement to explicitly include environmental provisions. Both agricultural trade and U.S. FDI in the Mexican food processing and agricultural sectors have increased since NAFTA's implementation. Environmental implications include a greater emphasis on the environment in Mexico as well as positive and negative impacts due to changes in scale, structure and technology in those sectors. Increased use of chemicals due to both increased outputs and a shift to greater horticultural crop production have negative impacts on the Mexican environment but improved technologies in processing produce favorable effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Colyer, Dale, 2002. "Environmental Impacts Of Agricultural Trade Under Nafta," Conference Papers 19104, West Virginia University, Department of Agricultural Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:wvucps:19104
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19104
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kolstad, Charles D., 1997. "Editor's introduction Special issue: Trade and the environment," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 261-266, November.
    2. Deininger, Klaus W. & Bresciani, Fabrizio, 2001. "Mexico'S Ejido Reforms: Their Impact On The Functioning Of Factor Markets And Land Access," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20519, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Kevin Gallagher, 2001. "Trade Liberalization and Industrial Pollution in Mexico: Lessons for the FTAA"," International Trade 0106003, EconWPA.
    4. Beghin, John & Dessus, Sebastien & Roland-Holst, David & van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 1997. "The trade and environment nexus in Mexican agriculture. A general equilibrium analysis," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 17(2-3), pages 115-131, December.
    5. ANDERSON, KYM & McKIBBIN, WARWICK J., 2000. "Reducing coal subsidies and trade barriers: their contribution to greenhouse gas abatement," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(04), pages 457-481, October.
    6. Shon P. Williams & C. Richard Shumway, 2000. "Trade Liberalization and Agricultural Chemical Use: United States and Mexico," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(1), pages 183-199.
    7. Bolling, H. Christine & Neff, Steven & Handy, Charles R., 1998. "U.S. Foreign Direct Investment in the Western Hemisphere Processed Food Industry," Agricultural Economics Reports 34017, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    8. Bhagwati, Jagdish, 2000. "On thinking clearly about the linkage between trade and the environment," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(04), pages 483-529, October.
    9. Runge, C. Ford, 1998. "Emerging Issues In Agricultural Trade And The Environment," Working Papers 14383, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
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    Cited by:

    1. Colyer, Dale, 2003. "Agriculture and Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 4(2).

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