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Food Security Assessment: Why Countries Are at Risk


  • Shapouri, Shahla
  • Rosen, Stacey L.


Food insecurity in many low-income, developing countries is projected to intensify unless steps are taken to reverse the performance trend of key contributing factors: agricultural productivity, foreign exchange earnings, and population growth. For the poorest countries, an increase in agricultural productivity is the key to improving food security. In these countries, imports play a small role in the domestic food supply because of limited foreign exchange availability. This study evaluates availability and distribution of food and analyzes their trends through 2008 by projecting food gaps to maintain per capita consumption, meet nutritional needs, and fulfill requirements stemming from unequal food distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Shapouri, Shahla & Rosen, Stacey L., 1999. "Food Security Assessment: Why Countries Are at Risk," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33614, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersab:33614
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.33614

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Crosson, P. & Anderson, J.R., 1992. "Resources and Global Food Prospects; Supply and demand for Cereals to 2030," Papers 184, World Bank - Technical Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Meade, Birgit Gisela Saager & Rosen, Stacey L., 2003. "Food Security In Brazil: Can "Lula" Keep His Promise?," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22049, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Silke Gabbert & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2005. "The Link between Poverty and Undernourishment: Uncovering a Methodological Flaw," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 27(1), pages 150-155.
    3. Diao, Xinshen & Elbehri, Aziz & Gehlhar, Mark J. & Gibson, Paul R. & Leetmaa, Susan E. & Mitchell, Lorraine & Nelson, Frederick J. & Nimon, R. Wesley & Normile, Mary Anne & Roe, Terry L. & Shapouri, S, 2001. "Agricultural Policy Reform In The Wto: The Road Ahead," Agricultural Economics Reports 34015, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Dembele, Niama Nango, 2001. "Sécurité alimentaire en Afrique Sub-saharienne: Quelle Stratégie de Réalisation?," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55455, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    5. Meade, Birgit Gisela Saager & Rosen, Stacey L., 2002. "Measuring Access To Food In Developing Countries: The Case Of Latin America," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19716, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    6. Johann, Kirsten & Mapila, Mariam & Okello, Julius J. & De, Sourovi, 2013. "Managing Agricultural Commercialization for Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers 206518, University of Pretoria, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development.

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    Food Security and Poverty;


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