IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/ubzefd/290417.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Switching queues, cultural conventions, and social welfare

Author

Listed:
  • Stark, Oded
  • Budzinski, Wiktor
  • Kosiorowski, Grzegorz

Abstract

We use queuing-related behavior as an instrument for assessing the social appeal of alternative cultural norms. Specifically, we study the behavior of rational and sophisticated individuals who stand in a given queue waiting to be served, and who, in order to speed up the process, consider switching to another queue. We look at two regimes that govern the possible order in which the individuals stand should they switch to the other queue: a regime in which cultural convention, social norms, and basic notions of fairness require that the order in the initial queue is preserved, and a regime without such cultural inhibitions, in which case the order in the other queue is random, with each configuration or sequence being equally likely. We seek to find out whether in these two regimes the aggregate of the behaviors of self-interested individuals adds up to the social optimum defined as the shortest possible total waiting time. To do this, we draw on a Nash Equilibrium setting. We find that in the case of the preserved order, the equilibrium outcomes are always socially optimal. However, in the case of the random order, unless the number of individuals is small, the equilibrium outcomes are not socially optimal.

Suggested Citation

  • Stark, Oded & Budzinski, Wiktor & Kosiorowski, Grzegorz, 2019. "Switching queues, cultural conventions, and social welfare," Discussion Papers 290417, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ubzefd:290417
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.290417
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/290417/files/ZEF_DP_279.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Z. Jemai & F. Karaesmen, 2005. "The influence of demand variability on the performance of a make-to-stock queue," Post-Print hal-00126137, HAL.
    2. Maniquet, Francois, 2003. "A characterization of the Shapley value in queueing problems," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 90-103, March.
    3. Kaan Kuzu, 2015. "Comparisons of Perceptions and Behavior in Ticket Queues and Physical Queues," Service Science, INFORMS, vol. 7(4), pages 294-314, December.
    4. Jemai, Zied & Karaesmen, Fikri, 2005. "The influence of demand variability on the performance of a make-to-stock queue," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 164(1), pages 195-205, July.
    5. Youngsub Chun & Eun Jeong Heo, 2008. "Queueing problems with two parallel servers," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 4(2), pages 299-315, June.
    6. Economou, Antonis & Manou, Athanasia, 2016. "Strategic behavior in an observable fluid queue with an alternating service process," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 254(1), pages 148-160.
    7. Hummy Song & Anita L. Tucker & Karen L. Murrell, 2015. "The Diseconomies of Queue Pooling: An Empirical Investigation of Emergency Department Length of Stay," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 61(12), pages 3032-3053, December.
    8. Kozlowski, Dawid & Worthington, Dave, 2015. "Use of queue modelling in the analysis of elective patient treatment governed by a maximum waiting time policy," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 244(1), pages 331-338.
    9. Chun, Youngsub, 2006. "A pessimistic approach to the queueing problem," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 171-181, March.
    10. Mitra, Manipushpak & Mutuswami, Suresh, 2011. "Group strategyproofness in queueing models," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 242-254, May.
    11. Guo, Pengfei & Sun, Wei & Wang, Yulan, 2011. "Equilibrium and optimal strategies to join a queue with partial information on service times," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 214(2), pages 284-297, October.
    12. repec:eee:ejores:v:267:y:2018:i:3:p:1014-1026 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Wu, Kan & McGinnis, Leon, 2012. "Performance evaluation for general queueing networks in manufacturing systems: Characterizing the trade-off between queue time and utilization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 221(2), pages 328-339.
    14. Wang, Jinting & Zhang, Xuelu & Huang, Ping, 2017. "Strategic behavior and social optimization in a constant retrial queue with the N-policy," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 256(3), pages 841-849.
    15. repec:eee:ejores:v:271:y:2018:i:3:p:953-967 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:eee:ejores:v:275:y:2019:i:3:p:1165-1177 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political Economy; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:ubzefd:290417. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/zefbnde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.