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Adopting GM crops? A social Multi' Criteria Evaluation for the case of Cotton Farming in Turkey


  • Aydin, Cem Iskender
  • Ozkaynak, Begum
  • Ozertan, Gokhan


This paper uses social multi-criteria evaluation (SMCE) as a powerful, transparent and pluralistic methodology for analyzing a complex and conflicting problem: the decision about the approval and adoption of GM cotton farming in Turkey. At this aim, four cotton farming alternatives including business as usual (BAU), ecological farming (ECO), GMO farming (GM) and good agricultural practice (GAP) are evaluated using a set of environmental, social and economic criteria chosen based on an extensive review of cotton and GMO literatures and several in-depth interviews with key stakeholders and experts. Such an analysis showing the socioeconomic and environmental implications of different farming practices and their consequences for different constituencies provide a rich background for policymaking within a multi-layered system of governance. The paper also offers insights to public decision-makers of other potential GMO adopting countries regarding the adoption of GM crops and the allocation of public funds among alternative agricultural practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Aydin, Cem Iskender & Ozkaynak, Begum & Ozertan, Gokhan, 2010. "Adopting GM crops? A social Multi' Criteria Evaluation for the case of Cotton Farming in Turkey," 14th ICABR Conference, June 16-18, 2010, Ravello, Italy 187977, International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:itic10:187977
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.187977

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Basu, Kaushik & Van, Pham Hoang, 1998. "The Economics of Child Labor," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 412-427, June.
    2. Sebastian Edwards, 2002. "Does the Current Account Matter?," NBER Chapters, in: Preventing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, pages 21-76, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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