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Fundamental And Induced Biases In Technological Change In Central Canadian Agriculture

Author

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  • Clark, J. Stephen
  • Klein, Kurt K.
  • Kerr, William A.

Abstract

A new procedure is developed to estimate innovation possibility frontiers and test for biases in technological change. Using data on four inputs (land, machinery, chemicals and labour) from central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) over the period 1926-1985, we find that the innovations possibilities frontier shifts neutrally over time. This is consistent with Ahmad's model of induced innovations, but is not consistent with de Janvry's application of Ahmad's model to the historical development of Argentine agriculture. Agricultural research in Canada has been conducted with the objective of developing cost minimizing technologies. Empirical support was found for this notion in the development of the innovation possibilities frontier.

Suggested Citation

  • Clark, J. Stephen & Klein, Kurt K. & Kerr, William A., 2003. "Fundamental And Induced Biases In Technological Change In Central Canadian Agriculture," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25874, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae03:25874
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25874
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Park, J.Y. & Ogaki, M., 1991. "Seemingly Unrelated Canonical Cointegrating Regressions," RCER Working Papers 280, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    2. J. Stephen Clark & Curtis E. Youngblood, 1992. "Estimating Duality Models with Biased Technical Change: A Time Series Approach," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 74(2), pages 353-360.
    3. Park, Joon Y, 1992. "Canonical Cointegrating Regressions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(1), pages 119-143, January.
    4. P. C. B. Phillips & S. N. Durlauf, 1986. "Multiple Time Series Regression with Integrated Processes," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(4), pages 473-495.
    5. Chambers,Robert G., 1988. "Applied Production Analysis," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521314275.
    6. Robert G. Chambers & Utpal Vasavada, 1983. "Testing Asset Fixity for U.S. Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 65(4), pages 761-769.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mupondwa, Edmund K., 2005. "Induced Technological Change in Canadian Agriculture Field Crops - Canola and Wheat: 1926-2003," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19333, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Roberto Esposti & Pierpaolo Pierani, 2008. "Price-induced technical progress in Italian agriculture," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, INRA Department of Economics, vol. 89(4), pages 5-28.
    3. Esposti, Roberto & Pierani, Pierpaolo, 2005. "Price-Induced Technological Change in Italian Agriculture: An SGM Restricted Cost Function Approach (1951-91)," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24662, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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