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Hybrid Rice: Economic Assessment of a Promising Technology for Sustainable Food Grain Production in Bangladesh

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  • Azad, Md Abdus Samad
  • Mustafi, B.A.A.
  • Hossain, Mahabub

Abstract

Hybrid rice, one of the viable and proven technologies has been considered as a new frontier to increase rice production for meeting growing demand for staple food in Bangladesh. Using farm survey data this paper examines comparative profitability of hybrid and inbred rice cultivation and estimates a Stochastic Frontier Function to determine the effect of key variables on farm efficiency. Results show that hybrid rice gives substantially higher yield as well as net return compared to inbred rice which leads to increase and sustainable growth of food grain production. Analysis of Stochastic Frontier model shows hybrid rice farms are technically more efficient than inbred.

Suggested Citation

  • Azad, Md Abdus Samad & Mustafi, B.A.A. & Hossain, Mahabub, 2008. "Hybrid Rice: Economic Assessment of a Promising Technology for Sustainable Food Grain Production in Bangladesh," 2008 Conference (52nd), February 5-8, 2008, Canberra, Australia 5987, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aare08:5987
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/5987
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aly, Hassan Y. & Belbase, Krishna P. & Grabowski, Richard & Kraft, Steven E., 1987. "The Technical Efficiency Of Illinois Grain Farms: An Application Of A Ray-Homothetic Production Function," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(01), July.
    2. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1994. "Impact of hybrid rice on input demand and productivity," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 10(2), pages 153-164, April.
    3. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1991. "The household responsibility system reform and the adoption of hybrid rice in China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 353-372, October.
    4. Coelli, Tim J., 1995. "Recent Developments In Frontier Modelling And Efficiency Measurement," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 39(03), December.
    5. Battese, George E., 1992. "Frontier production functions and technical efficiency: a survey of empirical applications in agricultural economics," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 7(3-4), pages 185-208, October.
    6. Fan, Shenggen & Wailes, Eric J & Young, Kenneth B, 1997. "Policy Reforms and Technological Change in Egyptian Rice Production: A Frontier Production Function Approach," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(3), pages 391-411, October.
    7. Battese, G E & Coelli, T J, 1995. "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 325-332.
    8. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
    9. Battese, George E., 1992. "Frontier production functions and technical efficiency: a survey of empirical applications in agricultural economics," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 7(3-4), October.
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    Keywords

    Hybrid Rice; Technology; Economics; Food Self-sufficiency; Crop Production/Industries; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

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