Hybrid Rice as a Pro-Poor Technology? Evidence from Bangladesh
We examine the use of hybrid rice as a pro-‐poor technology for subsistence rice farmers in South Asia. Hybrids, for which seed cannot be saved, is often thought to be ill-‐suited for poor farmers. However, poor subsistence farmers may find it advantageous to produce “sticky” hybrid rice instead of generally preferred slender open pollinated varieties, even though there is little market demand for it. We use two separately estimated double hurdle models to model the decision making process of subsistence rice-‐producing households as they allocate their land and consumption bundle between hybrid and open pollinated rice varieties. We find that relatively rich households are more likely to adopt hybrid rice. However, contingent on adoption, poor households allocate a higher percentage of their land to hybrids. Moreover, we find that own-‐ produced hybrid rice consumption constitutes a higher percentage of total rice consumption for poor households than for rich households.
|Date of creation:||2013|
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- Jacob Ricker-Gilbert & Thomas S. Jayne & Ephraim Chirwa, 2010. "Subsidies and Crowding Out: A Double-Hurdle Model of Fertilizer Demand in Malawi," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 93(1), pages 26-42.
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"Food Quality Changes and Implications: Evidence from the Rice Value Chain of Bangladesh,"
Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 100-113.
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- Spielman, David J. & Kolady, Deepthi & Cavalieri, Anthony, 2012. "Public Expenditures, Private Incentives, and Farmer Adoption: The Economics of Hybrid Rice in South Asia," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 125694, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Cragg, John G, 1971. "Some Statistical Models for Limited Dependent Variables with Application to the Demand for Durable Goods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(5), pages 829-44, September.
- Minten, Bart & Murshid, K.A.S. & Reardon, Thomas, 2011. "The quiet revolution in agrifood value chains in Asia: The case of increasing quality in rice markets in Bangladesh," IFPRI discussion papers 1141, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Spielman, David J. & Kolady, Deepthi Elizabeth & Ward, Patrick & Ar-Rashid, Harun & Gulati, Kajal, 2012. "Public expenditures, private incentives, and technology adoption: The economics of hybrid rice in South Asia," IFPRI discussion papers 1233, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Robert T. Jensen & Nolan H. Miller, 2008. "Giffen Behavior and Subsistence Consumption," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1553-77, September.
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