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Cotton Market Integration across Countries, among Qualities, and through Time

  • Devine, Jon
  • Plastina, Alejandro S.
  • Theriault, Veronique

Cotton is among the most internationally traded agricultural commodities. As a result, cotton prices are often described in terms of a world price. This world price, called the A Index, has been published by the trade group Cotlook since the mid-1960’s and is generally accepted as representative of a global price for cotton. As a world price, the A Index is derived as an average of export offers from cotton merchants for fiber delivered to Far Eastern ports, where most of the world’s cotton is spun into yarn. In addition to the average that is the A Index, Cotlook also publishes merchant offers for specific qualities of cotton from specific countries. Given that cotton prices were the most volatile of all agricultural commodity prices during the 2010/11 crop year, it could be expected that historic relationships among prices for different qualities and growths may have changed. This research is designed to identify and describe these changes. Cointegration analysis examines relationships between prices according to quality and country of origin and description of how were affected by recent volatility with the objective of informing discussion of potential implications for global cotton trade.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124962
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Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington with number 124962.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea12:124962
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  1. Goodwin, Barry K. & Piggott, Nicholas E., 1999. "Spatial Market Integration In The Presence Of Threshold Effects," 1999 Annual meeting, August 8-11, Nashville, TN 21489, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. John Baffes & Mohamed Ihsan Ajwad, 2001. "Identifying price linkages: a review of the literature and an application to the world market of cotton," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(15), pages 1927-1941.
  3. Abdulai, Awudu, 2000. "Spatial price transmission and asymmetry in the Ghanaian maize market," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 327-349, December.
  4. A. B. Prakash & E. H. D'A. Oliver & K. Balcombe, 2001. "Does building new roads really create extra traffic? Some new evidence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(12), pages 1579-1585.
  5. Erno Kuiper, W. & Lutz, Clemens & van Tilburg, Aad, 2003. "Vertical price leadership on local maize markets in Benin," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 417-433, August.
  6. Barry K. Goodwin & Matthew T. Holt, 1999. "Price Transmission and Asymmetric Adjustment in the U.S. Beef Sector," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(3), pages 630-637.
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