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New Data and Analysis on Non-tariff Measures in Agri-food Trade


  • Gervais, Jean-Philippe
  • Larue, Bruno
  • Otsuki, Tsunehiro
  • Rau, Marie-Luise
  • Shutes, Karl
  • Wieck, Christine
  • Winchester, Niven


We outline new data on non-tariff measures (NTMs) in agricultural trade collected as part of the NTM-Impact project. The data cover product and process standards, conformity assessment measures, and country requirements for the EU and 10 other countries. We create a Heterogeneity Index of Trade (HIT) regulations to aggregate data on different measures, and estimate the impact of regulatory heterogeneity on trade using a gravity framework. Our results suggest that differences in standards reduce trade in beef and pig meat, but have little impact on trade in other agri-food products.

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  • Gervais, Jean-Philippe & Larue, Bruno & Otsuki, Tsunehiro & Rau, Marie-Luise & Shutes, Karl & Wieck, Christine & Winchester, Niven, 2011. "New Data and Analysis on Non-tariff Measures in Agri-food Trade," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 103730, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea11:103730

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J. M. C. Santos Silva & Silvana Tenreyro, 2006. "The Log of Gravity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 641-658, November.
    2. Santos Silva, J.M.C. & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2010. "On the existence of the maximum likelihood estimates in Poisson regression," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 310-312, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Qianhui Gao & Shoichi Ito & Kolawole Ogundari & Hisamitsu Saito, 2016. "Evaluating Welfare Effects of Rice Import Quota in Japan: Based on Measuring Non-Tariff Barriers of SBS Rice Imports," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-13, August.
    2. Kareem, Fatima Olanike & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada & Brümmer, Bernhard, 2016. "Fitting the Gravity Model when Zero Trade Flows are Frequent: a Comparison of Estimation Techniques using Africa's Trade Data," Discussion Papers 230588, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.

    More about this item


    Non-tariff measures (NTMs); import requirements; agri-food trade; gravity estimation; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade;

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