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Assessment of non-tariff measures for selected agri-food exports from Africa to the European Union


  • Gay, Stephan Hubertus
  • Mellado, Aida Gonzalez
  • M'Barek, Robert


Non-tariff measures (NTMs) gain in importance in view of tariff reductions, by multilateral and bilateral agreements. African agri-food exports have benefited from considerable tariff reduction by the European Union (EU), but the share in EU imports has not risen. This paper describes possible methodologies to assess NTMs and an exporter survey conducted in 2009 in five African countries: Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. 95 respondents graded 35 NTMs in five categories. The results have been rather positive in general terms but specific issues like transportation, EU procedures and SPS measures have been regarded as considerably hampering trade. On the other hand, there has been also the mentioning of the positive effect of SPS standards. The country specific assessment of the answers showed that exporters in South Africa and Morocco are more concerned by NTMs.

Suggested Citation

  • Gay, Stephan Hubertus & Mellado, Aida Gonzalez & M'Barek, Robert, 2010. "Assessment of non-tariff measures for selected agri-food exports from Africa to the European Union," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa 113785, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaae10:113785
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.113785

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, January.
    2. Mahe, Louis-Pascal, 1997. "Environment and Quality Standards in the WTO: New Protectionism in Agricultural Trade? A European Perspective," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 480-503.
    3. Mattson, Jeremy W. & Koo, Won W. & Taylor, Richard D., 2004. "Non-Tariff Trade Barriers In Agriculture," Agribusiness & Applied Economics Report 23501, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
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    International Relations/Trade;


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