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Immigrant-Native Differences in Earnings Mobility Processes: Evidence from Canadian and Danish Data

  • Nisar Ahmad


    (School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus, Denmark)

  • Rayhaneh Esmaeilzadeh

    (Department of Economics Concordia University)

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    This study compares the earnings mobility between immigrants and natives within and between Denmark and Canada. Both countries have different labour market conditions and immigration history which leads to an interesting comparison of earning mobility processes. The paper employs a dynamic multinomial logit model with discrete factor approximation for the specification of unobserved individual heterogeneity. The model takes into account the effect of the endogenous initial conditions problem and unobserved heterogeneity to separate structural and spurious state dependence. The results show that immigrants-native differences in earnings mobility, structural state dependence, and segmentation of earnings distribution are relatively more prominent in Denmark compared to Canada.

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    Paper provided by School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2009-13.

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    Length: 60
    Date of creation: 04 Dec 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:aah:aarhec:2009-13
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    1. Pedersen, Peder J. & Smith, Nina, 2001. "Unemployment Traps: Do Financial Disincentives Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 274, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Blume, Kraen & Verner, Mette, 2007. "Welfare dependency among Danish immigrants," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 453-471, June.
    3. Aaberge, Rolf, et al, 2002. "Income Inequality and Income Mobility in the Scandinavian Countries Compared to the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(4), pages 443-69, December.
    4. Hansen, Jörgen & Lofstrom, Magnus & Zhang, Xuelin, 2006. "State Dependence in Canadian Welfare Participation," IZA Discussion Papers 2266, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Richard V. Burkhauser & Douglas Holtz-Eakin & Stephen E. Rhody, 1997. "Labor Earnings Mobility and Inequality in the United States and Germany During the Growth Years of the 1980s," NBER Working Papers 5988, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Mroz, Thomas A., 1999. "Discrete factor approximations in simultaneous equation models: Estimating the impact of a dummy endogenous variable on a continuous outcome," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 233-274, October.
    7. Charles M. Beach & Ross Finnie, 2001. "Cyclical Changes in Short-Run Earnings Mobility in Canada, 1982-1996," The State of Economics in Canada: Festschrift in Honour of David Slater, in: Patrick Grady & Andrew Sharpe (ed.), The State of Economics in Canada: Festschrift in Honour of David Slater, pages 453-484 Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
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