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Does Local Business Ownership Insulate Cities from Economic Shocks?

In: Cities and Entrepreneurship

  • Jed Kolko
  • David Neumark

We assess a prominent argument for local economic policies that favor locally-owned businesses - namely, that locally-owned firms are more likely to internalize the costs to the community of decisions to reduce employment and hence help to insulate cities from adverse economic shocks. We test this argument by examining how establishment-level employment responses to economic shocks are affected by establishment ownership. We find evidence that some types of local ownership do insulate regions from economic shocks, although the clearest benefits do not come from small, independent businesses, but instead from corporate headquarters and, to a lesser extent, from small, locally-owned chains.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Edward L. Glaeser & Stuart S. Rosenthal & William C. Strange, 2010. "Cities and Entrepreneurship," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number glae09-1.
  • This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 11893.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:11893
    Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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    Web page: http://www.nber.org
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