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Öffentliche Abgaben als Belastungsfaktoren der Unternehmen : dargestellt am Beispiel der Region Leipzig ; Gutachten im Auftrag der Industrie- und Handelskammer (IHK) zu Leipzig

Author

Listed:
  • Anna Montén
  • Joachim Ragnitz
  • Christian Thater
  • Birgit Friedrich
  • Felix John

Abstract

Kommunale Abgaben in Form von Steuern, Gebühren und Beiträgen belasten die regionale Wirtschaft. Als Standortfaktor haben sie Einfluss auf An- und Umsiedlungsentscheidungen der Unternehmen. Die vorliegende Untersuchung diente deshalb dem Zweck, Betroffenheitsgrad und Belastungsniveau der Unternehmen des Kammerbezirkes der IHK zu Leipzig durch kommunale Abgaben in Erfahrung zu bringen. Hierbei wurden die bestehenden Unterschiede im Abgabenniveau zwischen den Städten des Kammerbezirks sowie mit konkurrierenden Standorten in Deutschland ermittelt. In Modellrechnungen wurde außerdem gezeigt, wie sich die Belastung von Musterunternehmen verschiedener Branchen darstellt. Neben einer reinen Betroffenheitsanalyse wurden überdies mit Hilfe einer Ursachenanalyse Determinanten identifiziert, die Unterschiede in der lokalen Abgabenbelastung systematisch erklären können.- Bereits eine Betrachtung intraregionaler Unterschiede in einem eng abgegrenzten Gebiet wie dem Kammerbezirk der IHK zu Leipzig zeigt deutliche Unterschiede bei den lokalen Abgaben. Diese Unterschiede nehmen erwartungsgemäß zu, je weiter der Untersuchungsraum ausgeweitet wird. Die Untersuchung der Abgaben zeigt, dass sich einige Unterschiede auf die Gegebenheiten vor Ort zurückführen lassen (Einwohnerdichte, Situation der öffentlichen Haushalte, Standortattraktivität), andere Abgaben lassen sich jedoch nicht systematisch erklären. Die Ergebnisse der Ursachenanalyse bilden den Ausgangspunkt für eine wirtschaftspolitische Bewertung zur Verbesserung der Standortattraktivität der Gemeinden des Kammerbezirkes der IHK zu Leipzig.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Montén & Joachim Ragnitz & Christian Thater & Birgit Friedrich & Felix John, 2010. "Öffentliche Abgaben als Belastungsfaktoren der Unternehmen : dargestellt am Beispiel der Region Leipzig ; Gutachten im Auftrag der Industrie- und Handelskammer (IHK) zu Leipzig," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 56.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodrs:56
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christian Thater, 2009. "Auswirkungen des demographischen Wandels auf die kommunalen Ausgaben im Freistaat Sachsen," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 16(05), pages .13-20, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Öffentliche Einnahmen; Steuerbelastung; Unternehmen; Standortfaktor; Räumliche Entwicklung; Sachsen; Leipzig;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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