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Business incubators in China: An inquiry into the variables associated with incubatee success

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  • Zhang, Haiyang
  • Sonobe, Tetsushi

Abstract

This paper examines the association between the outcome of business incubation and the resources used by incubators, by using a small panel of science and technology business incubators (STBIs) in China. We find that while the number of firms graduating from an STBI is closely correlated with the infrastructure as well as the human and financial resources at the STBI's disposal, the graduates' firm sizes, in terms of employment and value added, as well as their labor productivity are unrelated to such resource inputs. We also find that the educational levels of incubator managers and the financial support given to their clients have significant impacts on the number of graduates. However, the number of graduates does not increase with the scale and diversity of the cities in which their STBIs are located or with the presence of foreign ventures and universities in the locality. We do not find that university-based and government-established STBIs differ significantly in their incubation performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Haiyang & Sonobe, Tetsushi, 2011. "Business incubators in China: An inquiry into the variables associated with incubatee success," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 5, pages 1-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifweej:20117
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2011-7
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/45860/1/659086360.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Todo, Yasuyuki, 2006. "Knowledge spillovers from foreign direct investment in R&D: Evidence from Japanese firm-level data," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, pages 996-1013.
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    1. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9493-4 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business incubators; new firms; market failures; government policy; human resources; China;

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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