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The impact of the Asian financial crisis on bank efficiency: The 1997 experience of Malaysia and Thailand

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  • Fadzlan Sufian

Abstract

In the mid-1990s, the East Asian countries experienced severe financial crisis that were followed by deep economic downturns. A variety of methodologies have been used to understand the nature of the Asian financial crisis. However, the impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis on the efficiency of the financial industry has yet to be studied. By employing the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach the present study attempts to examine for the first time the impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis on the efficiency of the Malaysian and Thailand banking sectors, two of the East Asian countries that were severely affected by the crisis. The study focuses on three major approaches vis., intermediation, value added and operating approaches. The results clearly bring forth the high degree of inefficiency in the Malaysian and Thailand banking sectors, particularly a year after the crisis. We find that the Malaysian banking sector has exhibited a higher TE levels during the post crisis period under the intermediation and value added approaches, while TE seems to be lower under the operating approach. The empirical findings suggest that the Thailand banking sector has exhibited a lower TE level during the post crisis period under all approaches. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Fadzlan Sufian, 2010. "The impact of the Asian financial crisis on bank efficiency: The 1997 experience of Malaysia and Thailand," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(7), pages 866-889.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:22:y:2010:i:7:p:866-889
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1589
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/jid.1589
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    Cited by:

    1. Mousa Almanaseer, 2014. "The Impact of the Financial Crisis on the Islamic Banks Profitability - Evidence from GCC," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 5(3), pages 176-187, July.
    2. Wanke, Peter & Maredza, Andrew & Gupta, Rangan, 2017. "Merger and acquisitions in South African banking: A network DEA model," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 362-376.
    3. repec:eee:pacfin:v:46:y:2017:i:pa:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Andrew Maredza and Sylvanus Ikhide, 2013. "The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Efficiency and Productivity of the Banking System in South Africa," Working Papers 328, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    5. Gulati, Rachita & Kumar, Sunil, 2016. "Assessing the impact of the global financial crisis on the profit efficiency of Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 167-181.
    6. Barros, C.P. & Emrouznejad, Ali, 2016. "Assessing productive efficiency of banks using integrated Fuzzy-DEA and bootstrapping: A case of Mozambican banksAuthor-Name: Wanke, Peter," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 249(1), pages 378-389.

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