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Poverty alleviation and the industrial employment of women (the case of Nepal)


  • Sanjaya Acharya

    (Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan)


This paper analyses the Nepalese industrial labour market using macroeconomic data and explores a strategy for poverty reduction along with the promotion of industrial employment of women. It concludes that basic poverty indices for Nepal are highly dependent on the capital labour ratio (CLR) and the growth rate of wages in the industrial sector. Moreover, the growth of women's employment in manufacturing industries supports the reduction of the poverty gap (PG) and income inequality among the poor as well as among the whole population. Furthermore, the two major Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), poverty reduction and the promotion of women's employment in the industrial sector, are proved complementary to each other. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Sanjaya Acharya, 2008. "Poverty alleviation and the industrial employment of women (the case of Nepal)," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(5), pages 670-685.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:20:y:2008:i:5:p:670-685 DOI: 10.1002/jid.1447

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Beneria, Lourdes, 1992. "Accounting for women's work: the progress of two decades," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(11), pages 1547-1560, November.
    3. Seguino, Stephanie, 2000. "Gender Inequality and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1211-1230, July.
    4. Sanjaya Acharya, 2004. "Measuring and Analyzing Poverty," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 1(2), pages 195-215, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nidhiya Menon & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, 2010. "War and Women’s Work: Evidence from the Conflict in Nepal," Working Papers 19, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    2. Nidhiya Menon & Yana van der Meulen Rodgers, 2013. "Credit and self-employment," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research on Gender and Economic Life, chapter 22, pages 359-377 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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