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Staying put and staying poor?

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  • Uma Kothari

    (Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of conceptual understandings of the relationship between migration, staying put and poverty. While livelihood strategies are diverse and multiple, for many poor people, migration represents a central component of these. However, moving from one place to another has economic and social costs and requires a certain level of human, physical, social and economic capital, thus the option of moving is not available to all amongst the poor. This paper examines the characteristics of those who stay put or are left behind in an environment characterised by out-migration, the processes by which they are excluded from adopting migration as a livelihood strategy and the circumstances under which not migrating sustains poverty or presents an opportunity to move out of poverty. These issues are examined through an analysis of social relations and processes of exclusion, and the ways in which these are structured around poverty-related capitals. © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Uma Kothari, 2003. "Staying put and staying poor?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(5), pages 645-657.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:15:y:2003:i:5:p:645-657
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1022
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/jid.1022
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arjan de Haan, 1999. "Livelihoods and poverty: The role of migration - a critical review of the migration literature," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(2), pages 1-47.
    2. Gertrud Schrieder & Beatrice Knerr, 2000. "Labour Migration as a Social Security Mechanism for Smallholder Households in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Cameroon," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 223-236.
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    Cited by:

    1. Social Policy and Population Section, Social Development Division, ESCAP., 2011. "Asia-Pacific Population Journal Volume 26, No. 4," Asia-Pacific Population Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 26(4), pages 1-84, December.
    2. McPherson, A., 2009. "Fourniture des services de santΘ et autres interventions de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans le secteur halieutique en Afrique sub-saharienne," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 38695, September.
    3. Yabiku, Scott T. & Agadjanian, Victor & Cau, Boaventura, 2012. "Labor migration and child mortality in Mozambique," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(12), pages 2530-2538.
    4. Ben Rogaly, 2003. "Who goes? Who stays back? Seasonal migration and staying put among rural manual workers in Eastern India," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(5), pages 623-632.
    5. Hagen-Zanker, Jessica, 2010. "Modest expectations: Causes and effects of migration on migrant households in source countries," MPRA Paper 29507, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. McPherson, A., 2009. "Health service delivery and other HIV/AIDS related interventions in the fisheries sector in Sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review," Working Papers, The WorldFish Center, number 38688, September.

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