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Capital requirements and bank behaviour: an empirical analysis of Indian public sector banks

Author

Listed:
  • Saibal Ghosh

    (Department of Economics Analysis and Policy, Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai, India)

  • D. M. Nachane

    (Department of Economics, Vidyanagari, Mumbai, India)

  • Aditya Narain

    (Department of Banking Supervision, Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai, India)

  • Satyananda Sahoo

    (Department of Economics Analysis and Policy, Reserve Bank of India, Mumbai, India)

Abstract

Consequent upon the introduction of prudential norms as an integral part of financial sector reforms, the present paper investigates the relationship between changes in risk and capital in the Indian banking sector. A dynamic, multivariate panel regression model is formulated wherein changes in capital ratio depend on its lagged value, a range of conditioning variables and regulatory dummies. Our analysis reveals that: (i) the regulatory framework needs to be designed to encourage individual banks to maintain higher than stipulated capital levels to reflect their differential risk profiles; and (ii) there is no conclusive evidence of risk aversion among Indian banks. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Saibal Ghosh & D. M. Nachane & Aditya Narain & Satyananda Sahoo, 2003. "Capital requirements and bank behaviour: an empirical analysis of Indian public sector banks," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 145-156.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:15:y:2003:i:2:p:145-156
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.947
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/jid.947
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. William R. Keeton, 1989. "The new risk-based capital plan for commercial banks," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Dec, pages 40-60.
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    6. Peltzman, Sam, 1970. "Capital Investment in Commercial Banking and Its Relationship to Portfolio Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(1), pages 1-26, Jan.-Feb..
    7. Mingo, John J, 1975. "Regulatory Influence on Bank Capital Investment," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1111-1121, September.
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    10. Berger, Allen N & Udell, Gregory F, 1994. "Do Risk-Based Capital Allocate Bank Credit and Cause a "Credit Crunch"' in the United States?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 26(3), pages 585-628, August.
    11. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    12. Tolga Ediz & Ian Michael & William Perraudin, 1998. "The impact of capital requirements on U.K. bank behaviour," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Oct, pages 15-22.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sandra, Kendo & Chicot, Eboue, 2016. "Microfinance institutional growth: How driven forces impact their financial integration?," MPRA Paper 70225, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Ghosh, Saibal & Das, Abhiman, 2005. "Market Discipline, Capital Adequacy and Bank Behaviour: Theory and Indian Evidence," MPRA Paper 17398, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ghosh, Saibal, 2013. "Macroprudential regulation and bank performance:Does ownership matter?," MPRA Paper 65212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Nachane, D M & Ray, Partha & Ghosh, Saibal, 2005. "The new Basel capital accord: Rationale, design and tentative implications for India," MPRA Paper 17426, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Saibal Ghosh, 2008. "Capital requirements, bank behavior and monetary policy: A theoretical analysis with an empirical application to India," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 43(2), pages 205-227, December.
    6. Nachane, Dilip & Ghosh, Saibal & Ray, Partha, 2006. "Basel II and bank lending behavior: some likely implications for monetary policy," MPRA Paper 3841, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Sengupta, Rajeswari & Vardhan, Harsh, 2017. "Non-performing assets in Indian Banks: This time it is different," MPRA Paper 81403, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Sep 2017.
    8. Saibal Ghosh, 2015. "Macroprudential regulation and bank behaviour: theory and evidence from a quasi-natural experiment," Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1-2), pages 138-159, July.
    9. Nachane, Dilip & Ghosh, Saibal & Ray, Partha, 2006. "Basel II and bank lending behavior: Some likely implications for monetary policy in India," MPRA Paper 3840, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Ghosh, Saibal & Das, Abhiman, 2006. "Depositor discipline in Indian banking: Separating facts from folklore," MPRA Paper 17427, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Lee, Tung-Hao & Chih, Shu-Hwa, 2013. "Does financial regulation affect the profit efficiency and risk of banks? Evidence from China's commercial banks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 705-724.
    12. Rubi Ahmad & M. Ariff & Michael Skully, 2008. "The Determinants of Bank Capital Ratios in a Developing Economy," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 15(3), pages 255-272, December.
    13. Ghosh, Saibal, 2014. "Risk, capital and financial crisis," MPRA Paper 65246, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Banerjee, Sreejata & Velamuri, Malathi, 2015. "The conundrum of profitability versus soundness for banks by ownership type: Evidence from the Indian banking sector," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 12-24.
    15. Ahmad Aref Almazari, 2013. "Capital Adequacy, Cost Income Ratio and the Performance of Saudi Banks (2007-2011)," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(4), pages 284-293, October.
    16. Ghosh, Saibal, 2013. "Macroprudential Regulation and Bank Performance: Evidence from India," MPRA Paper 51226, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Mwinlaaru, Peter Yeltulme & Ofori, Isaac Kwesi & Adiyiah, Kwadwo Agyeman & Idun, Anthony Adu-Asare, 2016. "Non-Performing Loans and Universal Bank’s Profitability," MPRA Paper 82902, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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