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Variable selection in high‐dimensional regression: a nonparametric procedure for business failure prediction

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  • Alessandra Amendola
  • Francesco Giordano
  • Maria Lucia Parrella
  • Marialuisa Restaino

Abstract

Business failure prediction models are important in providing warning for preventing financial distress and giving stakeholders time to react in a timely manner to a crisis. The empirical approach to corporate distress analysis and forecasting has recently attracted new attention from financial institutions, academics, and practitioners. In fact, this field is as interesting today as it was in the 1930s, and over the last 80 years, a remarkable body of both theoretical and empirical studies on this topic has been published. Nevertheless, some issues are still under investigation, such as the selection of financial ratios to define business failure and the identification of an optimal subset of predictors. For this purpose, there exist a large number of methods that can be used, although their drawbacks are usually neglected in this context. Moreover, most variable selection procedures are based on some very strict assumptions (linearity and additivity) that make their application difficult in business failure prediction. This paper proposes to overcome these limits by selecting relevant variables using a nonparametric method named Rodeo that is consistent even when the aforementioned assumptions are not satisfied. We also compare Rodeo with two other variable selection methods (Lasso and Adaptive Lasso), and the empirical results demonstrate that our proposed procedure outperforms the others in terms of positive/negative predictive value and is able to capture the nonlinear effects of the selected variables. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandra Amendola & Francesco Giordano & Maria Lucia Parrella & Marialuisa Restaino, 2017. "Variable selection in high‐dimensional regression: a nonparametric procedure for business failure prediction," Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 33(4), pages 355-368, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:apsmbi:v:33:y:2017:i:4:p:355-368
    DOI: 10.1002/asmb.2240
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