IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Assessing the microeconomic effects of public subsidies on the performance of firms in the czech food processing industry: A counterfactual impact evaluation


  • Ondřej Dvouletý
  • Ivana Blažková


The effects of European innovation and cohesion policies are very uneven throughout both regions and industries. Moreover, there are often only descriptive impact assessments of individual programmes available. In our study, we respond to this issue through the empirical analysis of the effects of the EU public policy on the example of the Czech food processing industry. We assess the impact of the Operational Programme Enterprise and Innovation (OPEI), which took place during the years 2007–2013. We applied counterfactual impact analysis based on firm‐level data with the aim of investigating the effects of this support on the financial performance of the supported enterprises (N = 143, 70% of the supported companies) 2 years after the end of the intervention. The results show a positive effect on the performance of supported firms measured by a price‐cost margin, value added per labour cost, the growth of sales and growth of tangible assets. The study offers several policy implications. First, the policymakers should impose a reporting duty on the supported firms. That would help policymakers to conduct more easily programme evaluations. Second, they should employ the cost‐benefit analysis as a part of the programme evaluations in the future. Third, growth aspirations of the applicants for receiving public subsidies should be taken into account already during the application process.

Suggested Citation

  • Ondřej Dvouletý & Ivana Blažková, 2019. "Assessing the microeconomic effects of public subsidies on the performance of firms in the czech food processing industry: A counterfactual impact evaluation," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(3), pages 394-422, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:35:y:2019:i:3:p:394-422
    DOI: 10.1002/agr.21582

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Madau, Fabio A., 2015. "Technical and Scale Efficiency in the Italian Citrus Farming: Comparison between SFA and DEA Approaches," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 16(2), pages 1-13.
    2. Daniele Bondonio & Federico Biagi & Juraj Stancik, 2016. "Counterfactual Impact Evaluation of Public Funding of Innovation, Investment and R&D," JRC Research Reports JRC99564, Joint Research Centre.
    3. Jerzy Michalek, 2012. "Counterfactual impact evaluation of EU rural development programmes - Propensity Score Matching methodology applied to selected EU Member States. Volume 2: A regional approach," JRC Research Reports JRC72060, Joint Research Centre.
    4. Salvioni, Cristina & Sciulli, Dario, 2011. "Farm level impact of rural development policy: a conditional difference in difference matching approach," 122nd Seminar, February 17-18, 2011, Ancona, Italy 99421, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Fan, Linlin, 2016. "The Effect of Subsidizing Supermarkets to Enter Food Deserts on Welfare," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 236162, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    6. Alex Coad & Werner Hölzl, 2012. "Firm Growth: Empirical Analysis," Chapters, in: Michael Dietrich & Jackie Krafft (ed.), Handbook on the Economics and Theory of the Firm, chapter 24, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Kirchweger, Stefan & Kantelhardt, Jochen, 2012. "Improving Farm Competitiveness through Farm-Investment Support: a Propensity Score Matching Approach," 131st Seminar, September 18-19, 2012, Prague, Czech Republic 135791, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Shahidur R. Khandker & Gayatri B. Koolwal & Hussain A. Samad, . "Handbook on Impact Evaluation : Quantitative Methods and Practices," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2693, September.
    9. Medonos, Tomas & Ratinger, Tomas & Hruska, Martin & Spicka, Jindrich, 2012. "The Assessment of the Effects of Investment Support Measures of the Rural Development Programmes: the Case of the Czech Republic," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 4(4), pages 1-14, December.
    10. Ratinger, Tomáš & Medonos, Tomas & Hruška, Martin, 2014. "The assessment of the effects of the investment support scheme in the Czech Republic," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182927, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ondřej Dvouletý & Stjepan Srhoj & Smaranda Pantea, 2021. "Public SME grants and firm performance in European Union: A systematic review of empirical evidence," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 243-263, June.
    2. Fantechi, Federico & Fratesi, Ugo, 2024. "Spatial patterns of territorial competitiveness: The role of peripherality, urbanization and physical geography," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    3. Marin Kukoc & Bruno Skrinjaric & Josip Juracak, 2020. "The Impact Assessment of the EU Pre-Accession Funds on Agriculture and Food Companies: The Croatian Case," Working Papers 2002, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb.
    4. Cátia Rosário & Celeste Varum & Anabela Botelho, 2022. "Impact of Public Support for Innovation on Company Performance: Review and Meta-Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(8), pages 1-16, April.
    5. Špetlík Václav & Čadil Jan, 2023. "When Daces Bite Deeper than Sharks – Does the SMEs Public Subsidy Dose Matter?," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 23(4), pages 233-250, December.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Jerzy Michalek & Pavel Ciaian & D'Artis Kancs, 2016. "Investment Crowding Out: Firm-Level Evidence from Northern Germany," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(9), pages 1579-1594, September.
    2. Ratinger, T. & Medonos, Tomas & Hruška, M., 2013. "An Assessment of the Differentiated Effects of the Investment Support to Agricultural Modernisation: the Case of the Czech Republic," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 5(4), pages 1-12, December.
    3. Wawrzyniec Czubak & Krzysztof Piotr Pawłowski, 2020. "Sustainable Economic Development of Farms in Central and Eastern European Countries Driven by Pro-investment Mechanisms of the Common Agricultural Policy," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-19, March.
    4. Fresenbet Zeleke & Girma T. Kassie & Jema Haji & Belaineh Legesse, 2021. "Would Market Sheds Improve Market Participation and Earnings of Small Ruminant Keepers? Evidence from Ethiopia," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 72(2), pages 470-485, June.
    5. Lajos Baráth & Imre Fertő & Štefan Bojnec, 2020. "The Effect of Investment, LFA and Agri‐environmental Subsidies on the Components of Total Factor Productivity: The Case of Slovenian Farms," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 71(3), pages 853-876, September.
    6. Mezera, Josef & Spicka, Jindrich, 2013. "Economic Effects of Investment Support of Adding Value to Food Products," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 5(1), pages 1-11, March.
    7. Jan Cadil & Karel Mirosnik & Ludmila Petkovova & Michal Mirvald, 2018. "Public Support of Private R&D–Effects on Economic Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(12), pages 1-14, December.
    8. Javier Castaño & Maria Blanco & Pilar Martinez, 2019. "Reviewing Counterfactual Analyses to Assess Impacts of EU Rural Development Programmes: What Lessons Can Be Learned from the 2007–2013 Ex-Post Evaluations?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(4), pages 1-22, February.
    9. Yoomi Kim & Katsuya Tanaka & Shunji Matsuoka, 2020. "Environmental and economic effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(7), pages 1-15, July.
    10. Zoltán Bakucs & Imre Fertő & Zsófia Benedek, 2019. "Success or Waste of Taxpayer Money? Impact Assessment of Rural Development Programs in Hungary," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(7), pages 1-23, April.
    11. Riccardo D’Alberto & Matteo Zavalloni & Meri Raggi & Davide Viaggi, 2018. "AES Impact Evaluation With Integrated Farm Data: Combining Statistical Matching and Propensity Score Matching," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(11), pages 1-24, November.
    12. Ondřej Dvouletý & Ivana Blažková, 2019. "The Impact of Public Grants on Firm-Level Productivity: Findings from the Czech Food Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(2), pages 1-24, January.
    13. Lillemets, Jüri & Fertő, Imre & Viira, Ants-Hannes, 2022. "The socioeconomic impacts of the CAP: Systematic literature review," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).
    14. Samuel Sebsibie & Workineh Asmare & Tessema Endalkachew, 2015. "Agricultural Technology Adoption and Rural Poverty: a Study on Smallholders in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia," Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Ethiopian Economics Association, vol. 23(2), December.
    15. Sarkar, Jayati & Selarka, Ekta, 2021. "Women on board and performance of family firms: Evidence from India," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(C).
    16. Serban Mogos & Alex Davis & Rui Baptista, 2021. "High and sustainable growth: persistence, volatility, and survival of high growth firms," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 11(1), pages 135-161, March.
    17. Higgins, Daniel & Arslan, Aslihan & Winters, Paul, 2021. "What role can small-scale irrigation play in promoting inclusive rural transformation? Evidence from smallholder rice farmers in the Philippines," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 243(C).
    18. Wirat Krasachat & Suthathip Yaisawarng, 2021. "Directional Distance Function Technical Efficiency of Chili Production in Thailand," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(2), pages 1-18, January.
    19. Klaus Friesenbichler, 2013. "Firm Growth in Conflict Countries: Some Evidence from South Asia," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 3, pages 33-44, May.
    20. Mohtar Rasyid, 2017. "Impact of the Free Trade Zone on Cigarette Consumption: An Examination of Indonesian Households," GATR Journals jber144, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:35:y:2019:i:3:p:394-422. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Wiley Content Delivery (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.