Energy Scenarios up to 2020
On the basis of its model of energy demand and conversion in Austria (DAEDALUS III), WIFO simulated three scenarios to establish a long-term forecast of the development of energy consumption and CO2 emissions. The baseline scenario assumes a continuation of current developments, while the Kyoto scenario reflects the effects of the Austrian strategy to counteract climate change. The sustainability scenario is based on the adoption of international approaches to implement socially compatible measures aimed at minimising energy consumption and accelerating technological progress. Under the "baseline scenario", the consumption of fuels, electricity and gas continues to increase. This development, combined with a rising volume of electricity generation by thermal power plants, results in an increase of CO2 emissions by about 3.2 million tons per year until 2010. The "Kyoto scenario" reflects the Austrian strategy of preventing climate change, which provides for an increase in energy efficiency and greater reliance on renewable sources of energy, the goal being to diminish the level of CO2 emissions by about 13 million tons against baseline by 2010. The "sustainability scenario" simulates the effects of a socially compatible reduction of energy services and an accelerated pace of innovation and technology diffusion. Until 2010, energy consumption and CO2 emissions decrease by more or less the same amounts as under the Kyoto scenario, but by 2020 CO2 emissions drop to 63 percent of the year-2000 level. Both the Kyoto scenario and the sustainability scenario are associated with substantial costs, as they require a diversion of resources, but GDP and employment are higher than in the baseline scenario.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Volume (Year): 74 (2001)
Issue (Month): 10 (October)
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (+43 1) 798 26 01-0
Fax: (+43 1) 798 93 86
Web page: http://www.wifo.ac.at/
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Postal: Austrian Institute of Economic Research Publikationsverkauf und Abonnentenbetreuung Arsenal, Objekt 20 A-1030 Vienna/Austria|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2001:i:10:p:623-629. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ilse Schulz)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.