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Voluntary Pollution Reduction Programs, Environmental Management, and Environmental Performance: An Empirical Study

  • Abdoul G. Sam
  • Madhu Khanna
  • Robert Innes

This paper examines, empirically, the mechanism by which a voluntary pollution reduction program (VPR) achieves pollution reductions. We find that participation in the 33/50 program, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s first VPR, spurred the adoption of total quality environmental management (TQEM), an environmental management system that views pollution as a quality defect to be continuously reduced through the development of products and processes that minimize waste generation at source. We find in turn that TQEM had a significant negative effect on 33/50 releases and that 33/50 participation produced additional direct pollution reduction benefits both during and after the program years.

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File URL: http://le.uwpress.org/cgi/reprint/85/4/692
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Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Land Economics.

Volume (Year): 85 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 692-711

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:landec:v:85:y:2009:i:4:p:692-711
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