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Child Schooling and Child Work in the Presence of a Partial Education Subsidy

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Listed:
  • Jacobus de Hoop
  • Jed Friedman
  • Eeshani Kandpal
  • Furio C. Rosati

Abstract

Could a partial subsidy for child education increase child labor? Using data from the randomized evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program (CCT) in the Philippines, we find that children who were neither in school nor work in the absence of the program not only increased school participation but also increased work for pay. We show suggestive evidence that because the cash transfer only provided a partial schooling subsidy children worked to cover the shortfall in schooling fees. Our findings contribute to the increasing evidence that the design of CCTs, in this case transfer size, matters considerably in terms of achieving program goals.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacobus de Hoop & Jed Friedman & Eeshani Kandpal & Furio C. Rosati, 2019. "Child Schooling and Child Work in the Presence of a Partial Education Subsidy," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 54(2), pages 503-531.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:54:y:2019:i:2:p:503-531
    Note: DOI: 10.3368/jhr.54.2.0317.8627R1
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    Cited by:

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    2. André, Pierre & Delesalle, Esther & Dumas, Christelle, 2021. "Returns to farm child labor in Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    3. Bertoni, Marco & Huynh, Quynh & Rocco, Lorenzo, 2019. "The Effects of the Vietnam Hunger Eradication and Poverty Reduction Program on Schooling," IZA Discussion Papers 12747, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Edmonds, Eric & Theoharides, Caroline, 2020. "The short term impact of a productive asset transfer in families with child labor: Experimental evidence from the Philippines," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(C).
    5. Awaworyi Churchill, Sefa & Iqbal, Nasir & Nawaz, Saima & Yew, Siew Ling, 2021. "Unconditional cash transfers, child labour and education: theory and evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 186(C), pages 437-457.
    6. Casco, José L., 2022. "Household choices of child activities in the presence of cash transfers," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 196(C), pages 524-545.
    7. Alberto Chong & Virgilio Galdo, 2021. "Direct and indirect effects of a massive piped water expansion on child‐related outcomes," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(3), pages 1576-1600, August.
    8. Hidayatina, Achsanah & Garces-Ozanne, Arlene, 2019. "Can cash transfers mitigate child labour? Evidence from Indonesia’s cash transfer programme for poor students in Java," World Development Perspectives, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 1-1.
    9. Cepaluni, Gabriel & Chewning, Taylor Kinsley & Driscoll, Amanda & Faganello, Marco Antonio, 2022. "Conditional cash transfers and child labor," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O22 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Project Analysis

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