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Favorable Self-Selection and the Internal Migration of Young White Males in the United States

  • Paul E. Gabriel
  • Susanne Schmitz
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    This study offers an alternative empirical technique to test whether the favorable self-selection hypothesis applies to internal migrants in the United States. Our empirical specification attempts to determine if prospective migrants possess unobserved traits such as higher ability or motivation which influence their earnings potential relative to nonmigrants. Using NLSY data for 1985 through 1991, we find some support for the favorable self-selection hypothesis for white males who move from one SMSA to another. Prior to their move, prospective migrants enjoy a consistent advantage in annual wage and salary income relative to nonmigrants with similar earnings-related characteristics.

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    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

    Volume (Year): 30 (1995)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 460-471

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:30:y:1995:i:3:p:460-471
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    1. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
    2. Graves, Philip E. & Linneman, Peter D., 1979. "Household migration: Theoretical and empirical results," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 383-404, July.
    3. Barry T. Hirsch, 1978. "Predicting Earnings Distributions across Cities: The Human Capital Model vs the National Distribution Hypothesis," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 13(3), pages 366-384.
    4. Eric A. Hanushek, 1981. "Alternative Models of Earnings Determination and Labor Market Structures," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 16(2), pages 238-259.
    5. Borjas, George J & Bronars, Stephen G & Trejo, Stephen J, 1992. "Assimilation and the Earnings of Young Internal Migrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 170-75, February.
    6. Greenwood, Michael J, et al, 1991. "Migration, Regional Equilibrium, and the Estimation of Compensating Differentials," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1382-90, December.
    7. Treyz, George I, et al, 1993. "The Dynamics of U.S. Internal Migration," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 209-14, May.
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