Family Time Use: Leisure, Home Production, Market Work, and Work Related Travel
This study analyzes the two-person, Gronau-type neoclassical model of the household where time use for each person is divided into three basic activities-market work, home production, and pure leisure-plus work related travel time. The latter is treated as predetermined. One contribution of this paper is that the economics of the Gronau model is made clear and a complete comparative static analysis is provided. A second contribution is that the model is subjected to a rigorous empirical test using data that permits the division of time into its four primary components-most data sets do not permit this. Our empirical results do not accord well with the model's predictions or with previous findings by Gronau. In addition, our results suggest that work related travel has an important influence on family time use.