Estimating Core Inflation In Norway
Central banks are continually considering the problem of how to identify which price changes should be considered permanent and which entirely temporary. Indeed, due to the delayed effect that monetary policy uses to put its choices into action, a wrong valuation of the type of inflation can prove extremely costly for the economy and does not produce the desired results. Since price indexes (as CPI) deliver a distorted picture of underlying inflation, it is necessary to devise a more appropriate target for monetary policy. The need to find a good measure for the latter variable becomes more marked when the central bank adopts price stability as the overriding aim of monetary policy. In this paper we apply the Quah and Vahey (1995) methodology to Norway, oil producing OECD country, and derive measures of core inflation by imposing restrictions from economic theory within the context of a multivariate econometric analysis. To estimate long-term movements of inflation, we present two models that enable the distinction between core and non-core inflation and also between domestic and imported inflation. We conclude that in all the models presented core inflation is a ï¿½prime moverï¿½ of inflation.
Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3(9)_Fall2009 ()
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