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Logit and Principal Component Analyses on the Management of Marine Protected Area (MPA) in North-Eastern Iloilo, Philippines


  • Cheryl Joy J. Fernandez

    (Assistant Professor, College of Management, University of the Philippines)

  • Kim Hang Pham Do

    (Senior Lecturer, School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand)


Marine protected areas (MPAs) are considered a common tool for the protection of coastal, marine and fishery resources. Recently, literature on fishery management has been paying attention to the importance of the social dimensions of MPAs and their impacts on MPA success. This paper presents an overview of the management of MPAs in the region of North-Eastern Iloilo, Philippines, and examines the interaction between the civil society and market forces of different institutional arrangements. Using the logit and principal component analyses, the paper shows that the conflicts between economic actors are still in existence today, and knowledge appears as a key factor for evaluating MPA success. Moreover, having MPAs does not seem to bring the communities any other benefit than the stated objectives, such as food security and marine conservation. The paper also discusses how contrasting objectives and expectations from various stakeholders could exacerbate conflict in the management of MPAs.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheryl Joy J. Fernandez & Kim Hang Pham Do, 2010. "Logit and Principal Component Analyses on the Management of Marine Protected Area (MPA) in North-Eastern Iloilo, Philippines," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 17(1), pages 97-122, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:unt:jnapdj:v:17:y:2010:i:1:p:97-122

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pomeroy, Robert S & Carlos, Melvin B, 1997. "Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: A review and evaluation of programs and projects, 1984-1994," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 445-464, September.
    2. Jollands, Nigel & Lermit, Jonathan & Patterson, Murray, 2004. "Aggregate eco-efficiency indices for New Zealand – a Principal Components Analysis," 2004 Conference, June 25-26, 2004, Blenheim, New Zealand 97773, New Zealand Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
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    More about this item


    North-Eastern Iloilo; fishery management; marine protected areas; logit regression; principal component analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources
    • C46 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Specific Distributions
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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