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The Competitive Impact of Air Crashes: Stock Market Evidence

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  • Bosch, Jean-Claude
  • Eckard, E Woodrow
  • Singal, Vijay

Abstract

We examine stock market reactions to commercial air crashes to test the hypothesis that consumers respond by switching to rival airlines and/or flying less. We focus on the stock price reactions of airlines not involved in the crash. If switching occurs, noncrash airlines should benefit to the extent that they are direct competitors of the crash airline. We develop a measure of market overlap and regress individual non-crash-airline abnormal returns on this measure, allowing the constant term to capture any negative spillovers. The evidence supports both a switching effect and a spillover. Copyright 1998 by the University of Chicago.

Suggested Citation

  • Bosch, Jean-Claude & Eckard, E Woodrow & Singal, Vijay, 1998. "The Competitive Impact of Air Crashes: Stock Market Evidence," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 41(2), pages 503-519, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlawec:v:41:y:1998:i:2:p:503-19
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/467399
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brown, Stephen J. & Warner, Jerold B., 1985. "Using daily stock returns : The case of event studies," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 3-31, March.
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    5. Kim, E Han & Singal, Vijay, 1993. "Mergers and Market Power: Evidence from the Airline Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 549-569, June.
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    7. Nancy L. Rose, 1992. "Fear of Flying? Economic Analysis of Airline Safety," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(2), pages 75-94, Spring.
    8. Chalk, Andrew, 1986. "Market Forces and Aircraft Safety: The Case of the DC-10," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 24(1), pages 43-60, January.
    9. Chalk, Andrew J, 1987. "Market Forces and Commercial Aircraft Safety," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 61-81, September.
    10. Broder, Ivy E & Morrall, John F, III, 1991. "Incentives for Firms to Provide Safety: Regulatory Authority and Capital Market Reactions," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 3(4), pages 309-322, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ho, Jerry C. & Qiu, Mei & Tang, Xiaojun, 2013. "Do airlines always suffer from crashes?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 113-117.
    2. Krieger, Kevin & Chen, Denghui, 2015. "Post-accident stock returns of aircraft manufacturers based on potential fault," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 20-28.
    3. John Cawley & John A. Rizzo, 2005. "The Competitive Effects of Drug Withdrawals," NBER Working Papers 11223, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. John Simpsom, 2001. "Did May Company's Acquisition of Associated Dry Goods Corporation Reduce Competition? An Event Study Analysis," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 18(4), pages 351-362, June.
    5. Kollias Christos & Papadamou Stephanos & Psarianos Iacovos, 2014. "Rogue State Behavior and Markets: the Financial Fallout of North Korean Nuclear Tests," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 20(2), pages 1-26, April.
    6. Kaplanski, Guy & Levy, Haim, 2010. "Sentiment and stock prices: The case of aviation disasters," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(2), pages 174-201, February.
    7. Gregory Noronha & Vijay Singal, 2004. "Financial health and airline safety," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(1), pages 1-16.
    8. Seth Freedman & Melissa Kearney & Mara Lederman, 2012. "Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 499-516, May.
    9. Abbigail J. Chiodo & Massimo Guidolin & Michael T. Owyang & Makoto Shimoji, 2003. "Subjective probabilities: psychological evidence and economic applications," Working Papers 2003-009, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    10. Becchetti, Leonardo & Ceniccola, Claudia & Ciciretti, Rocco, 2010. "Stock Market Reaction to the Global Financial Crisis: the Role of Corporate Governance and Product Quality Ratings in the Lehman Brothers' Event," Sustainable Investment and Corporate Governance Working Papers 2010/14, Sustainable Investment Research Platform.
    11. Carlos P. Barros & Joao R. Faria & Luis A. Gil-Alana, 2009. "Persistence on airline accidents," Faculty Working Papers 08/09, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
    12. Walker, Thomas John & Walker, Marcus Glenn & Thiengtham, Dolruedee Nuttanontra & Pukthuanthong, Kuntara, 2014. "The role of aviation laws and legal liability in aviation disasters: A financial market perspective," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 51-65.
    13. repec:eee:ecotra:v:10:y:2017:i:c:p:18-22 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Daniel Hosken & John David Simpson, 2001. "Have Supermarket Mergers Raised Prices? An Event Study Analysis," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(3), pages 329-342.
    15. Carpentier, C├ęcile & Suret, Jean-Marc, 2015. "Stock market and deterrence effect: A mid-run analysis of major environmental and non-environmental accidents," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 1-18.

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