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The COVID-19 Crisis and Interaction between the JSE, Real Estate, Energy, Commodity and Cryptocurrency Markets


  • Damilola ABOLUWODI
  • Bomi NOMLALA
  • Paul-Francois MUZINDUTSI

    (University of KwaZulu-Natal
    University of KwaZulu-Natal
    University of KwaZulu-Natal)


This paper examines the long-run interactions between South African stock (JSE) and real estate markets, with global asset markets such as oil, gold, platinum, and cryptocurrency markets during pre-Covid-19 tranquil period and during Covid-19 pandemic period comparatively using cointegration, causality and structural break tests. Findings of the paper shed light on the fact that cointegrations relationships between Bitcoin - JSE, Oil - JSE, and Real Estate – JSE were significant during pre-Covid period, while these significances weakened or disappeared during Covid period. On the other hand, cointegration relations show up between Oil – Platinum market and Gold – Real Estate market. It implies that JSE became volatile during Covid period comparing to Oil, Platinum, Gold markets in South Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • Damilola ABOLUWODI & Bomi NOMLALA & Paul-Francois MUZINDUTSI, 2022. "The COVID-19 Crisis and Interaction between the JSE, Real Estate, Energy, Commodity and Cryptocurrency Markets," Journal of Economics and Financial Analysis, Tripal Publishing House, vol. 6(1), pages 55-76.
  • Handle: RePEc:trp:01jefa:jefa0055
    DOI: 10.1991/jefa.v6i1.a51

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    More about this item


    COVID-19 Crisis; South African Markets; Commodities; Cryptocurrency; Cointegration.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location


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