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A Country's Process of Development as Described by a Butterfly Catastrophe Model: The Case of European South


  • Vasilis Angelis

    () (Quantitative Methods Laboratory, Department of Business Administration, University of the Aegean, 8, Michalon Str., 82100 Chios, Greece)

  • Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis

    () (Environmental and Energy Management Research Unit, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens. 9, Herroon Polytechniou Str., Zografou Campus, 15780 Athens, Greece)

  • Katerina Dimaki

    () (Department of Statistics, Athens University of Economics and Business, 76, Patission str., 10434 Athens, Greece)


For a long period of time a country’s development has been synonymous with its economic growth. Over the last years, however, economies and societies have been undergoing dramatic changes. These changes have led to the concept of sustainable development, which refers to the ability of our societies to meet the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Measuring sustainable development means going beyond a purely economic description of human activities; requires integration of economic, social and environmental concerns. New techniques are required in order to benchmark performance, highlight leaders and laggards on various aspects of development and facilitate efforts to identify best practices. New tools have to be designed so as to make sustainability decision- making more objective, systematic and rigorous. The majority of those methodologies make use of a single indicator in order to measure separately the evolution of each component i.e. the economic, the social and the environmental. Our objective in the present paper is to: Outline the process of a country's development taking into account all its three dimensions, economic, social and environmental. Present a model for quantifying its process of development encompassing all those dimensions. Apply the model to European South countries. Discuss the results.

Suggested Citation

  • Vasilis Angelis & Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis & Katerina Dimaki, 2013. "A Country's Process of Development as Described by a Butterfly Catastrophe Model: The Case of European South," International Journal of Business and Economic Sciences Applied Research (IJBESAR), Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology (EMATTECH), Kavala, Greece, vol. 6(2), pages 25-45, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:tei:journl:v:6:y:2013:i:2:p:25-45

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David I. Stern, 2012. "Ecological Economics," Crawford School Research Papers 1203, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. Hayashi, Kiyotada, 2000. "Multicriteria analysis for agricultural resource management: A critical survey and future perspectives," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 486-500, April.
    3. Dou, Wenyu & Ghose, Sanjoy, 2006. "A dynamic nonlinear model of online retail competition using Cusp Catastrophe Theory," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 59(7), pages 838-848, July.
    4. Elizabeth Karol & Julie Brunner, 2009. "Tools for Measuring Progress towards Sustainable Neighborhood Environments," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(3), pages 1-16, September.
    5. Martinez-Alier, Joan & Munda, Giuseppe & O'Neill, John, 1998. "Weak comparability of values as a foundation for ecological economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 277-286, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vasilis Angelis & Athanasios Angelis-Dimakis & Katerina Dimaki, 2013. "The Attractiveness Of The European South As Described By A Cusp And A Butterfly Catastrophe Model," ERSA conference papers ersa13p768, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item


    Country's Image; Country's Process of Development; Economic Social & Environmental Factors; Butterfly Catastrophe Model;

    JEL classification:

    • C65 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Miscellaneous Mathematical Tools
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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