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The Effect of Testing on Achievement: Meta-Analyses and Research Summary, 1910–2010. Source List, Outcomes, and References for Qualitative Studies


  • Richard P. Phelps


The text of this study can be found in the International Journal of Testing. The study summarizes the research literature on the effect of testing on student achievement, which comprises several hundred studies conducted from the early 20th century to the present day. Only qualitative studies, however, are included here (N = 244). Qualitative studies overwhelmingly find testing's effect on student achievement to be positive: ninety-three percent of the studies analyzed reported positive effects, whereas only seven percent reported mixed effects, negative effects, or no change.

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  • Richard P. Phelps, 2011. "The Effect of Testing on Achievement: Meta-Analyses and Research Summary, 1910–2010. Source List, Outcomes, and References for Qualitative Studies," Nonpartisan Education Review, Nonpartisan Education Review, vol. 7(4), pages 1-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:teg:journl:v:7:y:2011:i:4:p:1-30

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Prais,S. J., 1995. "Productivity, Education and Training," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521556675, November.
    2. Frank Levy & Richard J. Murnane, 1998. "Standards, information, and the demand for student achievement," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 4(Mar), pages 117-124.
    3. Richard P. Phelps, 2001. "Benchmarking to the World's Best in Mathematics," Evaluation Review, , vol. 25(4), pages 391-439, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cho, Esther Yin-Nei & Chan, T.M.S., 2020. "Children’s wellbeing in a high-stakes testing environment: The case of Hong Kong," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).

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    education; policy;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education


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