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Complementarity between Relationship Lending and Collateral in SME Access to Bank Credit: Evidence from Ethiopia


  • Ashenafi Beyene Fanta


Despite their contribution to job creation, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are financially constrained. Lenders view SMEs as high risk borrowers and hence demand collateral, but lack of collateral inhibits SMEs access to credit. Relationship lending is believed to lessen collateral requirement and increase SMEs access to credit. However, recent studies question substitutability of relationship lending and collateral. The present study adds to the debate by drawing on the survey of 102 randomly selected manufacturing SMEs in Ethiopia. Our binary logistic regression results suggest that banks in Ethiopia are cautious in extending credit to SMEs, evidenced by simultaneous usage of relationships, collateral and other criteria, suggesting complementarity between collateral and relationship lending.

Suggested Citation

  • Ashenafi Beyene Fanta, 2016. "Complementarity between Relationship Lending and Collateral in SME Access to Bank Credit: Evidence from Ethiopia," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 308-318, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:wjabxx:v:17:y:2016:i:3:p:308-318
    DOI: 10.1080/15228916.2016.1177785

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    1. AfDB AfDB, . "Annual Report 2012," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 461.
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    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2018. "Information asymmetry, financialization, and financial access," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(3), pages 297-315, December.
    2. Mang’unyi Eric & Govender Krishna K., 2019. "Exploring the Development Strategies of Rural Small, Medium and Micro Enterprises," Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe, Sciendo, vol. 27(4), pages 95-123, December.
    3. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Size, efficiency, market power, and economies of scale in the African banking sector," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-22, December.
    4. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta Nwachukwu, 2018. "Bank size, information sharing and financial access in Africa," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 14(2), pages 188-209, April.
    5. Williams, Kamilah & Brown, Leanora, 2021. "Does information sharing matter? Cross-country evidence on foreign bank presence," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
    6. Edward Kiringa & Fredrick W.S. Ndede & Argan Wekesa, 2021. "Relationship lending and access to financial services by SMEs in Kenya," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 10(5), pages 235-244, July.

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