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The International Economic Order and Trade Architecture

  • Javier Reyes
  • Martina Garcia
  • Ralph Lattimore

Abstract The world has lived through an accelerated globalization process over the last 15 years. Global trade relative to world GDP has grown from 39% in 1992 to 52% in 2005. At the same time, the share of world trade of OECD countries has gone down from 73% in 1992 to 64% in 2005. These shifts have led to changes in the structure of the world trade network and, in particular, how the role and influence of emerging markets on world trade have evolved. This paper is designed to elucidate some aspects of this changing trade architecture using network analysis. Ordre économique international et architecture commercialeRésumé Au cours des 15 dernières années, le monde a traversé une période de mondialisation accélérée. Le rapport entre le commerce mondial et le PNB du monde est passé de 39% en 1992 à 52% en 2005. Pendant la même période, la part du commerce mondial pour les pays de l'OCDE a baissé de 73% en 1992 à 64% en 2005. Ces variations ont engendré des variations dans la structure du commerce mondial, notamment dans l’évolution du rôle et de l'influence des marchés émergents sur le commerce mondial. La présente communication a pour but d’élucider certains aspects de cette architecture mondiale changeante au moyen d'une analyse des réseaux. El orden económico internacional y la arquitectura comercialResumen Durante los últimos 15 años, el mundo ha atravesado un proceso acelerado de globalización. El comercio global, en relación con el PNB mundial, ha crecido de un 39% en 1992 a un 52% en 2005. Al mismo tiempo, el reparto del comercio mundial entre los países de la OECD ha descendido de un 73% en 1992 a un 64% en 2005. Estos movimientos han conducido a 20 cambios en la estructura de la red comercial mundial, y particularmente, en la forma de evolucionar de la función y la influencia de los mercados emergentes sobre el comercio mundial. Este artículo se ha destinado a aclarar ciertos aspectos de esta cambiante arquitectura comercial utilizando un análisis de redes.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 73-102

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:1:p:73-102
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