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Regional Impact of Research and Development on Productivity

  • Eero Lehto
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    Lehto E. (2007) Regional impact of research and development on productivity, Regional Studies 41, 623-638. This paper considers how a plant's own research and development (R&D) and the geographical and technological proximity of external R&D affect a plant's productivity. According to the results, a plant's own R&D and other firms' past R&D which are located in the same subregion and in the same industry have a positive impact on productivity. Also, other firms' R&D in the same subregion but in other industries or in other areas and in the same industry positively contributes to productivity. If the number of those units from which R&D spillovers are received increases, given the amount of external R&D, the spillover effect on productivity weakens. Lehto E. (2007) Les retombees regionales de la R et D sur la technologie, Regional Studies 41, 623-638. Cet article cherche a examiner comment la R et D d'un etablissement et la proximite geographique et technologique de la R et D externe influent sur la productivite d'un etablissement. Il en resulte que la productivite d'un etablissement et la productivite anterieure des autres etablissements situes dans la meme sous-region et dans le meme secteur industriel influent sur la productivite de facon positive. En outre, la R et D des autres etablissements situes dans la meme sous-region mais dans d'autres secteurs industriels, ou bien situes dans d'autres regions et dans le meme secteur industriel, influe sur la productivite de facon positive. Etant donne l'importance de la R et D externe, si le nombre d'etablissements d'ou proviennent des retombees de R et D augmente, l'impact des retombees sur la productivite s'attenue. Retombees de R et D Proximite geographique et industrielle Productivite Lehto E. (2007) Die regionale Auswirkung von F&E auf die Produktivitat, Regional Studies 41, 623-638. Wir untersuchen, wie sich die eigene F&E eines Betriebes und die geografische und technologische Nahe von externer F&E auf die Produktivitat eines Betriebes auswirken. Den Ergebnissen zufolge wirken sich die eigene F&E eines Betriebes und die fruhere F&E anderer Betriebe in derselben Subregion und Branche positiv auf die Produktivitat aus. Ebenso leisten die F&E von anderen Betrieben in derselben Subregion, aber einer anderen Branche, oder von Betrieben in derselben Branche, aber einem anderen Gebiet, einen positiven Beitrag zur Produktivitat. Wenn die Anzahl der Einheiten steigt, von denen F&E ubertragen wird, schwacht sich der U�bertragungseffekt auf die Produktivitat aufgrund der Menge der externen F&E ab. U�bertragung von F&E Geografische und Branchennahe Produktivitat Lehto E. (2007) Impacto regional de I + D en la productividad, Regional Studies 41, 623-638. En este ensayo consideramos que repercusion tiene en la productividad industrial disponer de una unidad propia de I + D en la planta y de la proximidad geografica y tecnologica de las unidades externas de I + D. Los resultados indican que obtienen mayor productividad las empresas que disponen de su propio departamento de I + D y de los antiguos resultados de I + D de otras empresas que estan ubicadas en la misma subregion y en la misma industria. Y tambien contribuyen positivamente a la productividad la unidad de I + D de otras empresas ubicadas en la misma subregion pero en otras industrias, o en otras areas pero en el mismo sector. Si aumenta el numero de las unidades de las que se reciben los desbordamientos de I + D, se debilita el efecto de desbordamiento sobre la productividad debido al tamano de las unidades externas de I + D. Desbordamientos de I + D Proximidad geografica e industrial Productividad

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 623-638

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:5:p:623-638
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