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Regional productivity and income convergence in the unified Germany, 1992-2000


  • Reinhold Kosfeld
  • Hans-Friedrich Eckey
  • Christian Dreger


Kosfeld R., Eckey H.-F. and Dreger C. (2006) Regional productivity and income convergence in the unified Germany, 1992-2000, Regional Studies 40, 755-767. This paper investigates regional convergence of labour productivity and income per capita in the period 1992-2000 for the unified Germany using spatial econometric techniques. Up to now only first-order spatial models have been employed in investigating convergence across regions and countries. An exploratory data analysis reveals, however, that the fundamental variables of the convergence equation exhibit a clear pattern of higher-order spatial dependencies. It is shown that higher-order spatial autocorrelation can be captured by the spatial ARMA model. In the spatial econometric analysis of German regional labour markets, new indicators of human capital and investment intensity are used that can resolve some 'puzzles' established in previous studies. Substantial differences in both β- and σ-convergence across West and East German regions are assessed. Kosfeld R., Eckey H.-F. et Dreger C. (2006) La productivite regionale et la convergence des revenus dans l'Allemagne unifiee, entre 1992 et 2000, Regional Studies 40, 755-767. A partir des techniques econometriques geographiques, cet article cherche a examiner la convergence regionale de la productivite du travail et du revenu par tete entre 1992 et l'an 2000 pour l'Allemagne unifiee. Jusqu'a present, on n'a employe que des modeles geographiques du premier ordre pour examiner la convergence a travers les regions et les pays. Cependant, une analyse de donnees exploratoire laisse voir que les variables prealables de l'equation de convergence montrent une distribution des dependances geographiques d'ordre superieur assez evidente. On demontre que l'on peut capter l'autocorrelation geographique d'ordre superieur en employant le modele geographique ARMA. Dans l'analyse econometrique geographique des marches du tavail regionaux allemands, on se sert des nouveaux indices du capital humain et du taux d'investissement qui peuvent resoudre des questions posees dans des etudes anterieures. On evalue d'importantes differences de la convergence β et σ a travers les regions de l'ouest et de l'est de l'Allemagne. Convergence regionale Theorie de croissance neoclassique Allemagne unifiee Modele geographique ARMA Kosfeld R., Eckey H.-F. und Dreger C. (2006) Regionale Produktivitat und Einkommenskonvergenz im wiedervereinigten Deutschland, 1992-2000, Regional Studies 40, 755-767. In dieser Arbeit wird die regionale Konvergenz der Arbeitsproduktivitat und des Pro-Kopf-Einkommens im Zeitraum 1992-2000 fur das vereinigte Deutschland auf der Basis von Modellen mit raumlicher Okonometrietechniken untersucht. Bisher ist die Hypothese der Konvergenz von Regionen und Landern allein unter Verwendung raumlicher Modelle erster Ordnung uberpruft worden. Eine exploratorische Datenanalyse deckt jedoch auf, dass die fundamentalen Variablen der Konvergenzgleichung ein recht klares Muster raumlicher Abhangigkeiten hoherer Ordnung aufweisen. Es lasst sich zeigen, dass die Autokorrelationen hoherer Ordnung in einem raumlichen ARMA-Modell abgebildet werden konnen. In der raumlich-okonometrischen Analyse deutscher Arbeitsmarktregionen machen wir von neuen Indikatoren des Humankapitals und der Investitionsintensitat Gebrauch, die in der Lage sind, einige 'Anomalien' aufzulosen, die sich in vorangegangenen Studien ergeben haben. Substanzielle Unterschiede der β- und σ-Konvergenz zwischen den west- und ostdeutschen Regionen werden bewertet. Regionale Konvergenz Neoklassische Wachstumstheorie Vereinigtes Deutschland Raumliches ARMA-Modell Kosfeld R., Eckey H.-F. y Dreger C. (2006) Productividad regional y convergencia de ingresos en la Alemania unificada durante 1992-2000, 1992-2000, Regional Studies 40, 755-767. Mediante tecnicas econometricas espaciales, en este articulo investigamos cual fue la convergencia regional de la productividad laboral y la renta per capita durante el periodo 1992-2000 para la Alemania unificada. Hasta ahora solo se han empleado modelos espaciales de primer orden para investigar la convergencia en regiones y paises. Sin embargo, un analisis preliminar de datos pone de manifiesto que las variables fundamentales de la ecuacion de convergencia presentan un modelo claro de dependencias espaciales de orden superior. Se demuestra que puede captarse la autocorrelacion espacial de orden superior mediante el modelo espacial ARMA. En los analisis econometricos espaciales de los mercados laborales regionales de Alemania utilizamos nuevos indicadores del capital humano y la intensidad de inversion porque son capaces de resolver algunos enigmas establecidos en estudios anteriores. Analizamos las considerables diferencias tanto en la convergencia β como σ en Alemania del este y el oeste. Convergencia regional Teoria neoclasica del crecimiento Alemania unificada Modelo espacial ARMA

Suggested Citation

  • Reinhold Kosfeld & Hans-Friedrich Eckey & Christian Dreger, 2006. "Regional productivity and income convergence in the unified Germany, 1992-2000," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(7), pages 755-767.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:7:p:755-767
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400600959322

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Dimitris K. Christopoulos & Efthymios G. Tsionas, 2004. "Convergence and regional productivity differences: Evidence from Greek prefectures," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 38(3), pages 387-396, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Karsten Rusche, 2010. "Quality of life in the regions: an exploratory spatial data analysis for West German labor markets," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 30(1), pages 1-22, February.
    2. Koetter, Michael & Wedow, Michael, 2008. "Does regional redistribution spur growth?," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2008,28, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    3. Falko Juessen, 2009. "A distribution dynamics approach to regional GDP convergence in unified Germany," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 627-652, December.
    4. Bernd Aumann & Rolf Scheufele, 2010. "Is East Germany catching up? A time series perspective," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 177-192.
    5. Eckey, Hans-Friedrich & Kosfeld, Reinhold & Türck, Matthias, 2005. "Regional convergence in Germany: A geographically weighted regression approach," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 76, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    6. Holtemöller, Oliver & Irrek, Maike & Schultz, Birgit, 2012. "A Federal Long-run Projection Model for Germany," IWH Discussion Papers 11/2012, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    7. Kosfeld Reinhold, 2007. "Regional Spillovers and Spatial Heterogeneity in Matching Workers and Employers in Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 227(3), pages 236-253, June.
    8. Stephan Brunow & Georg Hirte, 2009. "The age pattern of human capital and regional productivity: A spatial econometric study on german regions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 88(4), pages 799-823, November.
    9. Kosfeld, Reinhold, 2006. "Regional spillovers and spatial heterogeneity in matching workers and employers in Germany," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 89, University of Kassel, Faculty of Economics and Management.
    10. Wolfgang Polasek & Wolfgang Schwarzbauer & Richard Sellner, 2011. "Human Capital and Regional Growth in Switzerland," Review of Economic Analysis, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, vol. 3(1), pages 46-58, July.
    11. Ryohei Nakamura & Masahiro Taguchi, 2011. "Agglomeration and Institutional Effects on Dynamics in Regional Disparities: Experience from Poland and Japan," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 25.
    12. Michael Koetter & Michael Wedow, 2013. "Transfer Payments without Growth: Evidence for German Regions, 1992–2005," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(4), pages 1438-1455, July.
    13. Bluszcz Anna, 2016. "Classification of the European Union member states according to the relative level of sustainable development," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(6), pages 2591-2605, November.
    14. Steven Yamarik, 2011. "Human capital and state-level economic growth: what is the contribution of schooling?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(1), pages 195-211, August.


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