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Quality of life and economic convergence across Spanish regions, 1980-2001

  • Andres Marchante
  • Bienvenido Ortega

Marchante A. J. and Ortega B. (2006) Quality of life and economic convergence across Spanish regions, 1980-2001, Regional Studies 40, 471-483. Evaluations of regional welfare conventionally rely on gross value added (GVA) per capita as an indicator of living standards. This paper attempts to readdress the regional welfare issue by using alternative composite indicators in the context of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Indices. Evidence is presented regarding to what extent such alternative measures of living standards are converging. With this aim, a database for the Spanish regions (NUTS II) was constructed for 1980-2001 and an augmented version of the Human Development Index (AHDI) was estimated incorporating sub-indices of health, education and the resources required for a decent standard of living, including an indicator of social exclusion. The regional convergence of three per-capita income measures, and the raw data of seven indicators of quality of life, were also studied. The empirical analysis suggests that whereas regional GVA per-capita disparities have remained constant, convergence was achieved in five quality-of-life indicators (AHDI, infant survival rate, adult literacy rate, mean schooling years, and 100 minus the rate of long-term unemployment) and in two alternative economic measures (total personal income less current grants and gross personal disposable income). Marchante A. J. et Ortega B. (2006) La qualite de la vie et la convergence economique a travers les regions d'Espagne, entre 1980 et 2001, Regional Studies 40, 471-483. Normalement, les estimations du bien-etre regional dependent de la Valeur Ajoutee Brute (VAB) par tete comme indice des niveaux de vie. Employant d'autres indices composes dans le cadre des indices du developpement de l'homme UNDP, cet article cherche a remettre en question le bien-etre regional. On presente des preuves quant a l'importance de la convergence de telles autres mesures du niveau de vie. Dans ce but, on construit une banque de donnees pour la periode allant de 1980 a 2001 et pour les regions d'Espagne (NUTS II), et on estime une version augmentee de l'indice du developpement de l'homme (AHDI) qui inclut des sous-indices de la sante, de l'education et des ressources necessaires a un bon niveau de vie, y compris un indice de l'exclusion sociale. On etudie aussi la convergence regionale de trois indices du revenu par tete et les donnees brutes provenant de sept indices de la qualite de la vie. L'analyse empirique laisse supposer que, tandis que les ecarts de la VAB regionale sont constantes, on reussit la convergence des indices de la qualite de la vie (AHDI, le taux de survie infantile, le taux d'alphabetisation des adultes, le taux de scolarite moyen, et le taux de chomage a long-terme) et de deux autres mesures economiques (revenu individuel global moins les primes en vigueur et le revenu disponsible individuel global). Convergence regionale, Niveaux de vie, Indice du developpement de l'homme, Espagne Marchante A. J. und Ortega B. (2006) Lebensqualitat und wirtschaftliche Konvergenz in allen spanischen Regionen (1980-2001), Regional Studies 40, 471-483. Bewertungen des regionalen Fursorgewesens sind normalerweise auf den pro-Kopf Bruttomehrwert (gross value added=GVA) als Anzeichen des Lebensstandards angewiesen. Dieser Aufsatz versucht, die Frage des regionalen Wohlfahrtswesens mit alternativen Sammelindikatoren im Zusammenhang der UNDP Indexe menschlicher Entwicklung neu anzugehen. Es werden Beweise des Ausmasses vorgelegt, in dem alternative Masstabe des Lebensstandards sich an einander annahern. In dieser Absicht wurde eine Datenbank fur die spanischen Regionen (NUTS II) fur den Zeitraum 1980-2001 angelegt, und eine erweiterte Fassung des Human Development Indexes (AHDI) berechnet, einschliesslich der Unterabteilungen des Gesundheits- und Bildungswesens, sowie der fur einen akzeptablen Lebensstandard erforderlichen Mittel, einschliesslich Anzeichen gesellschaftlicher Benachteiligung und die regionale Konvergenz dreier pro-Kopf Einkommensmassnahmen und die unaufbereiteten Daten von sieben Indikatoren der Lebensqualitat untersucht. Die empirische Analyse legt nahe, dass obschon regionale GVA Pro-Kopf Disparitaten gleichgeblieben sind, Konvergenz in funf Lebensqualitatsindikatoren (Sauglingsuberlebensquote, Analphabetenquote der Erwachsenen, durchschnittliche Dauer des Schulbesuchs, und die 100 - Quote langfristiger Erwerbslosigkeit (AHDI, infant survival rate, adult literacy rate, mean schooling years, und 100 minus the rate of long-term unemployment) erreicht worden ist, und zwar mit Hilfe zweier alternativer Wirtschaftsinitiativen (personliches Gesamteinkommen, abgesehen von laufenden Zuschussen, und personlich verfugbare Bruttoeinkommen). Regionale Konvergenz des Lebensstandards, Index der menschlichen Entwicklung, Spanien Marchante A. J. y Ortega B. (2006) La calidad de vida y la convergencia economica en las Comunidades Autonomas en Espana (1980-2001), Regional Studies 40, 471-483. Las valoraciones del bienestar regional normalmente se basan en el Valor Anadido Bruto (VAB) per capita como un indicador de los niveles de vida. En este articulo pretendemos volver a analizar la cuestion del bienestar regional mediante indicadores alternativos compuestos segun los Indices de Desarrollo Humano del PNUD. Demostramos en que medida convergen tales medidas alternativas del nivel de vida. Para este fin se ha construido una base de datos para las Comunidades Autonomas en Espana (NUTS II) para el periodo 1980 a 2001 y se ha calculado una version ampliada del Indice de Desarrollo Humano (IDHA) incorporando subindices de salud, educacion y los recursos necesarios para tener un nivel de vida decente, incluyendo un indicador de la exclusion social. Tambien estudiamos la convergencia regional en cuanto a tres mediciones de la renta per capita y los datos no procesados de siete indicadores de calidad de vida. El analisis empirico indica que, si bien las desigualdades del VAB regional per capita han permanecido constantes, se obtuvo una convergencia en cinco indicadores de la calidad de vida (IDHA, indice de supervivencia infantil, tasas de alfabetizacion en adultos, anos medios de escolarizacion, y 100 menos la tasa porcentual de desempleo a largo plazo) y dos indicadores economicos alternativos (Renta Primaria de las Familias y el Renta Familiar Bruta Disponible). Convergencia regional, Nivel de vida, Indice de Desarrollo Humano, Espana

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 471-483

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