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Quality of Life Indices for Analysing Convergence in the European Union

Listed author(s):
  • D. Giannias
  • P. Liargovas
  • G. Manolas

GIANNIAS D., LIARGOVAS P. and MANOLAS G. (1999) Quality of life indices for analysing convergence in the European Union, Reg. Studies 33 , 27-35. This paper investigates convergence and tests it empirically across countries of the European Union between 1970 and 1990. Convergence is defined not only in terms of economic indicators, but also in terms of social and quality of life indicators. Real convergence is computed by evaluating a weighted average coefficient of variation based on economic and quality of life variables. The weights are based on an experts' opinion survey. Country rankings, based on the values of a composite quality of life index, are also constructed. The results confirm that real convergence was achieved between 1970-75 for most of the countries. Convergence stagnated between 1980-85 and then it increased. Southern European Member States did not exhibit similar patterns. GIANNIAS D., LIARGOVAS P. et MANOLAS G. (1999) L'analyse de la convergence au sein de l'Union europeenne a partir des indices de la qualite de la vie, Reg. Studies 33 , 27-35. Cet article cherche a examiner la notion de convergence et a l'evaluer empiriquement quant aux pays membres de l'Union europeenne entre 1970 et 1990. La notion de convergence s'exprime non seulement en fonction des clignotants economiques, mais aussi a partir des indices sociales et de la qualite de la vie. On calcule la convergence reelle en evaluant un coefficient de variation de la moyenne ponderee fonde sur des variables economiques et relatives a la qualite de la vie. Les ponderations proviennent d'une enque⁁te des opinions des experts. Les pays sont classes en fonction des valeurs d'une indice composee de la qualite de la vie. Les resultats confirment que la convergence reelle avait ete atteinte entre 1970 et 1975 pour la plupart des pays. La convergence stagnait entre 1980 et 1985 pour redemarrer. Les pays-membres du sud de l'Europe n'ont pas fait preuve des tendances similaires. GIANNIAS D., LIARGOVAS P. und MANOLAS G. (1999) Lebensqualitatsindexe zur Analyse der Konvergenz in der EU, Reg. Studies 33 , 27-35. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht Konvergenz und uberpruft sie empirisch in Landern der ganzen EU fur den Zeitraum 1970-1990. Konvergenz wird nicht nur unter dem Aspekt wirtschaftlicher Indikatoren, sondern auch dem der Lebensqualitat- und Sozialindikatoren definiert. Wirkliche Konvergenz wird duch Bewertung gewichteter durchschnittlicher Koeffizienten der Unterschiede berechnet, die sich wirtschaftlichen und Lebensqualitatsvariablen beruhen. Gewichtung stutzt sich auf Untersuchung von Expertenansichten. Daruberhinaus werden Landerranglisten aufgestellt, die auf Werten eines zusammengesetzten Lebensqualitatsindex beruhen. Die Ergebnisse bestatigen, dass wahre Konvergenz in den meisten Landernim Zeitraum 1970-75 erreicht wurde, im Zeitraum 1980-85 jedoch stagnierte und danach zunahm. Sudeuropaische Mitgliedstaaten weisen keine derartigen Muster auf.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 27-35

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:1:p:27-35
DOI: 10.1080/00343409950118896
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  1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
  2. Baumol, William J & Wolff, Edward N, 1988. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1155-1159, December.
  3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
  4. van der Ploeg, Frederick & Tang, Paul J G, 1992. "The Macroeconomics of Growth: An International Perspective," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(4), pages 15-28, Winter.
  5. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
  6. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  7. Baumol, William J, 1986. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-run Data Show," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 1072-1085, December.
  8. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-251, April.
  9. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J, 1990. "Integration and the Competitiveness of Peripheral Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 363, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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