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Spatial Spillover Effects in the Swedish Local Rescue Services

Listed author(s):
  • Niklas Hanes
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    This paper studies what factors determine the expenditures on rescue services by municipalities in Sweden. The main purpose is to identify spatial spillover effects between municipalities in order to analyse strategic behaviour. The analysis is based on a joint product model, where collective security is assumed to contain local and regional public good elements. In the empirical analysis we find that the reaction functions are negatively sloped, meaning that we cannot reject the hypothesis of free riding behaviour. It is also found that rescue services can be considered a normal good and that the municipalities respond positively to security policy threats. Cet article cherche a etudier les facteurs qui determinent les depenses des municipalites suedoises pour les services de secours. Le but principal est d'identifier les effets de debordement geographiques sur les municipalites afin d'analyser le comportement strategique. L'analyse est fondee sur un modele de produits lies, dont la securite collective est censee inclure des elements de bien public a la fois locaux et regionaux. Il en resulte de l'analyse empirique que les courbes qui tracent les fonctions de reaction sont descendantes, ce qui veut dire que l'on ne peut pas rejeter l'hypothese de l'entree libre. Il s'avere aussi que les services de secours peuvent etre consideres un bien normal et que les municipalites reagissent de facon positive aux menaces pour leur politique de securite. In diesem Aufsatz wird untersucht, welche Faktoren bei schwedischen Gemeindeverwaltungen die Ausgaben fur Rettungsdienste bestimmen. Der Hauptzweck ist, die Folgen eines Uberfliessens der Bevolkerung von Stadtbezirk zu Stadtbezirk zu identifizieren, um dann strategisches Verhalten zu analysieren. Die Analyse stutzt sich auf ein Modell des Gemeinschaftsproduktes, bei dem angenommen wird, dass die kollektive Sicherheit ortliche und regionale Elemente des Gemeinwohls enthalt. In der empirischen Analyse wird festgestellt, dass die Reaktionsfunktionen ein Gefalle aufweisen, was bedeutet, dass die Autoren die Hypothese einer offenen Diskussion nicht ablehnen konnen. Es erweist sich auch, dass Rettungsdienst als Grundrecht angesehen wird, und dass Stadtverwaltungen positiv auf Bedrohungen ihrer Sicherheitspolitik reagieren.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 531-539

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:5:p:531-539
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400220137137
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    1. Sandler,Todd & Hartley,Keith, 1999. "The Political Economy of NATO," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521630931, March.
    2. Aronsson, Thomas & Wikstrom, Magnus, 1996. "Local public expenditure in Sweden a model where the median voter is not necessarily decisive," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1705-1716, December.
    3. Case, Anne C. & Rosen, Harvey S. & Hines, James Jr., 1993. "Budget spillovers and fiscal policy interdependence : Evidence from the states," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 285-307, October.
    4. Sandler, Todd, 1977. "Impurity of Defense: An Application to the Economics of Alliances," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3), pages 443-460.
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