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Spatial Variations in New Manufacturing Plant Openings: Some Empirical Evidence from Greece

  • Georgios Fotopoulos
  • Nigel Spence

FOTOPOULOS G. and SPENCE N. (1999) Spatial variations in new manufacturing plant openings: some empirical evidence from Greece, Reg. Studies 33 , 219-229. This research deals with the determinants of regional variation in new plant openings in Greek manufacturing industries over the period 1980-91. Key findings of this first detailed attempt to do so in a Greek context relate to the significant direct effects of regional specialization, the extent of local production links and investment in public infrastructure on new manufacturing activity. Confirming research findings in other countries, the results obtained here indicate small firm presence, the local supply of skilled labour, and wealth and labour productivity differentials across regions to be significant and positive influences on new firm formation. FOTOPOULOS G. et SPENCE N. (1999) La variation geographique de la creation d'entreprises industrielles: quelques preuves empiriques provenant de la Grece, Reg. Studies 33 , 219-229. Cet article traite des facteurs determinants de la variation regionale de la creation d'entreprises industrielles en Grece sur la periode de 1980 a 1991. Les resultats cles de cette premiere etude detaillee de la Grece se rapportent aux effets directs de la specialisation, de l'ampleur des echanges inter-industriels locaux et de l'investissement dans l'equipement collectif sur la creation d'entreprises industrielles. Tout en venant a l'appui des recherches effectuees dans d'autres pays, les resultats obtenus laissent voir l'influence considerable et positive de la presence des petites entreprises, de la disponibilite d'un bassin d'emploi qualifie, et des ecarts de richesse et de la productivite-travail regionaux sur la creation d'entreprises. FOTOPOULOS G. und SPENCE N. (1999) Raumliche Abweichungen bei Eroffnungen neuer Fabrikanlagen: Empirische Beweise aus Griechenland, Reg Studies 33 , 219-229. Die vorliegende Forschungsarbeit befasst sich mit den bestimmenden Faktoren regionaler Abweichungen bei Eroffnungen neuer Fabrikanlagen in der herstellenden Industrie Griechenlands im Zeitraum 1980-1993. Die Hauptbefunde dieses ersten, ins einzelne gehenden Versuchs, dies im Zusammenhang mit Griechenland anzugehen, beziehen sich auf die signifikanten, direkten Auswirkungen regionaler Spezialisierung, das Ausmass ortlicher Produktionsverknupfungen und Investierungen in offentlichen Infrastrukturen auf neue Herstelleraktivitat. Die hier erzielten Ergebnisse weisen darauf hin, dass die Anwesenheit kleiner Firmen, das Vorhandensein gelernter Arbeitskrafte am Orte, sowie Wohlstands- und Arbeitsleistungsunterschiede in allen Regionen signifikante und positive Einflusse auf Firmenneubildung ausuben, und bestatigen damit Forschungsergebnisse in anderen Landern.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 219-229

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:3:p:219-229
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  1. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Does public capital crowd out private capital?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 171-188, September.
  2. Randall W. Eberts, 1990. "Public infrastructure and regional economic development," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Q I, pages 15-27.
  3. Alicia H. Munnell, 1992. "Policy Watch: Infrastructure Investment and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(4), pages 189-198, Fall.
  4. Matilde Mas & Joaquin Maudos & Francisco Perez & Ezequiel Uriel, 1996. "Infrastructures and Productivity in the Spanish Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(7), pages 641-649.
  5. H. Louri & V. Anagnostaki, 1995. "Entry in Greek Manufacturing Industry: Athens vs the Rest of Greece," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 32(7), pages 1127-1133, August.
  6. Henderson, J. Vernon, 1986. "Efficiency of resource usage and city size," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 47-70, January.
  7. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "History and Industry Location: The Case of the Manufacturing Belt," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 80-83, May.
  8. G Fotopoulos & N Spence, 1999. "Spatial variations in net entry rates of establihments in Greek manufacturing industries: an application of the shift-share ANOVA model," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(10), pages 1731-1755, October.
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