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Strengths and weaknesses of the outward FDI paths of the Central European countries

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  • Eric Rugraff

Abstract

This article uses foreign direct investment (FDI) annual reports of central banks and annual reports of the largest firms to study the outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) of the Central European countries. Four countries - the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia - are the source of the predominant part of the OFDI stock of the Central-Eastern European area. Since the beginning of the 2000s the OFDI of the Central European countries has increased sharply. A small number of large horizontal multinationals investing in the neighbouring countries account for the bulk of the OFDI flows and stock. We distinguish three different OFDI paths and analyse the strengths and weaknesses of each one: the Czech and Hungarian path is characterised by the pivotal role of the foreign-owned multinationals in the OFDI process. The Polish OFDI path differs from the Czech and Hungarian path by the central role played by the state-owned extractive and infrastructure companies in the Polish FDI abroad. In Slovenia, the OFDI path takes the form of investments by private indigenous-grown multinationals that have successfully set up subsidiaries in the neighbouring countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Rugraff, 2010. "Strengths and weaknesses of the outward FDI paths of the Central European countries," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 1-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:22:y:2010:i:1:p:1-17
    DOI: 10.1080/14631370903525561
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David Dollar & Shang-Jin Wei, 2007. "Das (Wasted) Kapital; Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China," IMF Working Papers 07/9, International Monetary Fund.
    2. B. Merlevede & K. Schoors, 2006. "FDI and the Consequences Towards more complete capture of spillover effects," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 06/372, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    3. Joze P. Damijan & Mark Knell & Boris Majcen & Matija Rojec, 2003. "Technology Transfer through FDI in Top-10 Transition Countries: How Important are Direct Effects, Horizontal and Vertical Spillovers?," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 549, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
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    Cited by:

    1. Curran, Louise & Zignago, Soledad, 2012. "EU enlargement and the evolution of European production networks," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 240-257.
    2. Morar Triandafil, Cristina & Poanta, Dorina, 2011. "Central and East European Corporate Finance: Between Commonality and Heterogeneity," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(3), pages 132-161, September.
    3. Piotr Trapczynski, 2016. "MNEs from Poland: A Review of Extant Research," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 14(3 (Fall)), pages 283-306.
    4. repec:eee:rujoec:v:3:y:2017:i:4:p:445-474 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Marian Gorynia & Jan Nowak & Piotr Trapczynski & Radoslaw Wolniak, 2015. "Establishment Mode Choices of Emerging Multinationals: Evidence from Poland," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 13(2 (Summer), pages 101-124.
    6. repec:krk:eberjl:v:2:y:2014:i:3:p:47-61 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Poór, József, 2013. "Az emberierőforrás-gazdálkodás átalakulása a nemzetközi cégek leányvállalatainál Magyarországon és a kelet-európai régióban
      [Changes of HR function at local subsidiaries of foreign-owned firms in H
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 64-89.
    8. Damijan, Jože & Kostevc, Crt & Rojec, Matija, 2014. "Outward FDI and company performance in CEECs," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 381, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    9. Stoian, Carmen, 2013. "Extending Dunning's Investment Development Path: The role of home country institutional determinants in explaining outward foreign direct investment," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 615-637.

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