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Oman's monetary policy transmission process under the fixed peg: some empirical puzzles

  • Sitikantha Pattanaik

This paper highlights that an open economy, like Oman, could often enjoy partial monetary policy independence despite operating with a fixed peg, which may appear as a clear violation of the 'macroeconomic trilemma'. While explaining the country-specific factors that create the scope for partial monetary policy independence, the paper underscores that for meaningful use of this partial monetary policy independence to attain domestic goals of inflation and output, the transmission mechanism of monetary policy must work effectively. Empirical analyses presented in this paper for Oman, however, suggest the presence of not only the 'interest rate puzzle' but also the 'IS puzzle' and the 'Phillips curve puzzle', which together signal the presence of significant transmission weaknesses. The paper, thus, concludes that costs stemming from loss of any monetary policy independence because of the fixed peg may not be very significant for Oman, and hence, any alternative exchange rate regime cannot be viewed as appropriate just on the grounds that an alternative regime could deliver greater monetary policy independence.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies.

Volume (Year): 1 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 181-198

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Handle: RePEc:taf:macfem:v:1:y:2008:i:2:p:181-198
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