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The monetary policy debate since October 1979: lessons for theory and practice

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  • Marvin Goodfriend

Abstract

Monetary theory and policy have been revolutionized in the two decades since October 1979, when the Federal Reserve under the leadership of Paul Volcker moved to stabilize inflation and bring it down. On the side of practice, the decisive factor was the demonstration that monetary policy could acquire and maintain credibility for low inflation, and improve the stability of both inflation and output relative to potential. On the theory side, the introduction of rational expectations was decisive because it enabled models of monetary policy to incorporate forward-looking elements of aggregate demand and price-setting, long known to be critically important for policy analysis, so as to understand how monetary policy achieved the favorable results found in practice.

Suggested Citation

  • Marvin Goodfriend, 2005. "The monetary policy debate since October 1979: lessons for theory and practice," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 243-262.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlrv:y:2005:i:mar:p:243-262:n:v.87no.2,pt.2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barro, Robert J & Gordon, David B, 1983. "A Positive Theory of Monetary Policy in a Natural Rate Model," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(4), pages 589-610, August.
    2. Ben S. Bernanke & Frederic S. Mishkin, 1997. "Inflation Targeting: A New Framework for Monetary Policy?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 97-116, Spring.
    3. Ball, Laurence, 1994. "Credible Disinflation with Staggered Price-Setting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 282-289, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sitikantha Pattanaik, 2008. "Oman's monetary policy transmission process under the fixed peg: some empirical puzzles," Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 181-198.

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